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belief your culture is superior to others


a land holding system giving loyalty and service in return

mandate of heaven

belief the heavens supported or denied the right to rule

civil service exam

a test given to determine if a person qualified for a government job


philosophy stressing punishment and strict control


philosophy based on nature and limited government


based on order, rule by example, filial piety

filial piety

respect for your elders in Confucianism


only dynasty to use Legalism to rule


one's duty in Hinduism


one's actions in Hinduism

caste system

social groups based on birth in Hinduism


the belief in many gods

Four Noble Truths

Buddhist statement that desire caused suffering

Eightfold Path

Buddhists follow this to eliminate desire


ending the cycle of reincarnation


belief the soul is reborn when a person dies

Vedas and Bhagavad-Gita

Hindu sacred texts

Siddhartha Gautama

founder of Buddhism


Mauryan emperor who issued the edicts

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