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Triangle: The Fire That Changed America Review Questions.

Terms in this set (12)

In New York City, a Committee on Public Safety was formed, headed by Frances Perkins, to identify specific problems and lobby for new legislation (like the bill to grant workers shorter hours in a work week). The committee's representatives got results, especially since Tammany's chief, Charles F. Murphy, realized the advantage to be had from being on the side of the angels. The New York State Legislature then created the Factory Investigating Commission to "investigate factory conditions in this and other cities and to report remedial measures of legislation to prevent hazard or loss of life among employees through fire, unsanitary conditions, and occupational diseases."The Commission held public hearings and distributed questionnaires to a wide variety of people, and hired field agents to do on-site inspections of factories. The State Commissions's reports helped modernize the state's labor laws, making New York State "one of the most progressive states in terms of labor reform." **New laws mandated better building access and egress, fireproofing requirements, the availability of fire extinguishers, the installation of alarm systems and automatic sprinklers, better eating and toilet facilities for workers, and limited the number of hours that women and children could work. In the years from 1911 to 1913, sixty of the sixty-four new laws recommended by the Commission were legislated** with the support of Governor William Sulzer. As a result of the fire, the American Society of Safety Engineers was founded in New York City on October 14, 1911.