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Chapter 13 The Bureaucracy
Terms in this set (22)
A large organization that is structured hierarchically to carry out specific functions.
A model of bureaucracy developed by the German sociologist Max Weber, who viewed bureaucracies as rational, hierarchical organizations in which decisions are based on logical reasoning.
A model of bureaucracy that views top-level bureaucrats as seeking to expand the size of their budgets and staffs to gain greater power.
A model of bureaucracy that compares bureaucracies to monopolistic business firms. Lack of competition in either circumstance leads to inefficient and costly operations.
a federal, state, or local government agency established to perform a specific function. Administrative agencies are created and authorized by legislative bodies to administer and enforce specific laws
One of the 15 departments of the executive branch (State, Treasury, Defense, Justice, Interior, Agriculture, Commerce, Labor, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Education, Energy, Transportation, and Veterans Affairs).
In the federal government, an administrative unit that is directly accountable to the president.
Independent Executive Agencies
A federal agency that is not part of a cabinet department but reports directly to the president.
Independent Regulatory Agencies
An agency outside the major executive departments charged with making and implementing rules and regulations
The act by which an industry being regulated by a government agency gains direct or indirect control over agency personnel and decision makers.
An agency of government that administers a quasi-business enterprise. These corporations are used when activities are primarily commercial.
The awarding of government jobs to political supporters and friends
The selection, retention, and promotion of government employees on the basis of competitive examinations.
Pendleton Act (Civil Service Reform Act)
An act that established the principle of employment on the basis of merit and created the Civil Service Commission to administer the personnel service.
Civil Service Commission
The initial central personnel agency of the national government, created in 1883.
Government in the Sunshine Act
A law that requires all committee-directed federal agencies to conduct their business regularly in public session.
Laws requiring that existing programs be reviewed regularly for their effectiveness and be terminated unless specifically extended as a result of these reviews.
The replacement of government services with services provided by private firms.
Someone who brings to public attention gross governmental inefficiency or an illegal action.
A statute enacted by Congress that authorizes the creation of an administrative agency and specifies the name, composition, purpose, and powers of the agency being created.
The three-way alliance among legislators, bureaucrats, and interest groups to make or preserve policies that benefit their respective interests.
A group of individuals or organizations— which may consist of legislators and legislative staff members, interest group leaders, bureaucrats, the media, scholars, and other experts—that supports a particular policy position on a given issue.
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