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Les Différences Culturelles (La France, Les États-Unis, Le Québec, l'Afrique francophone)
Terms in this set (25)
Uppercase vs Lower case (days of the week, etc). French do not
capitalize any days of the weeks, months or seasons.
The word "you." French have
one singular and informal (tu)
one singular and formal (vous)
one plural (vous)
French do not celebrate this US holiday in November
Thanksgiving; Thanksgiving is celebrated in October in Québec
French adults open Christmas gifts...
on December 24; children wait for gifts from Papa Noël on December 25
The word mari/femme and homme/femme
the word femme means "wife" and "woman" but there is a separate word for husband and man
Papa Noël in France is
Santa Claus in US
Père Fouettard in France...
does not exist in US
St Nicolas in France...
is celebrated 6 décembre (US does not have a holiday on December 6)
Dates in France
are dd/mm/yyyy; US dates are mm/dd/yyyy
Prices in France
switch commas and decimals (€19,99 = $19.99)
Une carte vs un menu
Une carte is a menu. Un menu is the selection of food items on the "carte"
Tips in France
15% is normally included on the bill; you will see S.C. = service compris; people will leave 1-2 euros per person "pourboire" for good service; In US it is expected to leave 15-20% tip after the meal.
Textbooks in France
are purchased by the families. In Québec, as in the US, books are loaned to students by the school district
Shopping carts in France
often are on consigne. You insert a coin to remove a cart, and when you return the cart, your coin is returned. In US and Québec there is no rental for carts
Plastic bags in France
It is against the law for stores and supermarkets to give plastic bags in France; customers bring their own bags; In Québec and US, stores provide bags to customers, unless the customer chooses to bring his/her own bag
the French greet family and friends with a kiss. In US, people greet with a hug or a handshake
At the dinner table in France
Keep both hands above the table. In US it is polite to keep one hand under the table; do not rest your elbows on the table in either country
In France, the words fille/garçon. fille/fils
the word fille means "girl" and "daughter," however there is a word for boy and son in French
Breakfast in France is called...
is called the petit-déjeuner; and called the déjeuner in Québec. In Québec lunch is "le dîner" and dinner is "le souper"
A French breakfast vs US breakfast
In France, breakfast is typically only bread, croissant, a tartine served with coffee, juice or hot cocoa; In US, breakfast will include proteins such as eggs, bacon, sausage
Telling time in France
Official time is reported in military time and is written #h# format. At 12 noon, the time will continue with 13h, 14h, 15h...up to 23h59 (11:59pm); in US, time is 12hours am and 12 hours pm
Class schedule in France
Classes are typically 1 hour or 1.5 hr; students do not have the same classes at the same time every day; there is no class on Wednesday afternoon, but there are classes Saturday morning; school begns and ends later in France; there is a 2hr lunch break in France
In France, it is best to use polite language with strangers. address them with "Monsieur" or "Madame" like in the south of US, where people use "sir" or "ma'am"
To ask for things, say "je voudrais" (I would like) rather than "je veux" (I want)
Poplular Sports in France
Soccer, Tennis and Cycling are the most popular sports in France. American Football, baseball, soccer and hockey are most popular sports in the US. Ice Hockey, Figure Skating, skiing and snowboarding are most popular sports in Québec
In France, the presidential elections are held every five years in May; in US the presidential elections are held every four years in November
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