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Nicolaus Copernicus

1543- said that the planets revolve around the sun, and that the earth is not a motionless body about which everything else in the universe moves. Sun-centered (heliocentric). Book - "Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres." Polish astronomer.

Johannes Kepler

German Lutheran astronomer. Dedicated his life to "finding the mathematical harmonies in the mind of the Creator." Discovered the three laws of planetary motion around 1609. Gave thanks to the Lord.

Galileo Galilei

Italian philosopher and scientist. 1597- believed in Copernicus' heliocentric view. 1610- invented telescope. Telescope proves heliocentric theory. Discovered law of uniform acceleration. He calculated the laws of the pendulum.

Sir Isaac Newton

Contributed more to science than any other individual. A devout Christian. Figured out all about gravity. 1687- Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. Three laws of motion. Remembered as the "Father of Modern Science." His Principia is considered by authorities on the history of science to be "the foundation stone of modern thought."

John Wilkins

Puritan clergyman. 1645- formed Philosophical College. 1662- Royal Society for the improvement of Natural Knowledge was formed in London under the leadership of Wilkins. Royal Society was the first permanent scientific society of the Modern Age.

Johann Sebastian Bach

One of history's greatest composers. Bach believed that everything be done "to the glory of God." Famous works include "The Christmas Oratorio, the St. Matthew Passion, the Well-Tempered Clavier, and the Brandenburg Concertos."

Isaac Watts

The father of the English hymn. Revived the music of the church. Wrote more than 600 hymns for the church. "When I Survey the Wondrous Cross, Joy to the World, O God Our Help in Ages Past, and Alas, and Did My Savior Bleed."

Albrecht Durer

German woodcutter and painter. "The Prodigal Son." Made art realistic and human. His most popular work is his drawing "Praying Hands."

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