Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (33)
How do you form the informal command?
It looks just like the tú form of the present tense, but you take off the "s".
Where do the direct/indirect object pronouns go with an affirmative command?
After and attached to the end of the affirmative command.
Verb..... What? Verb..... Whom?
Verb.... To whom? Verb.... For whom?
What does "ustedes" mean?
It means "you all". Use this when you are talking TO a group of people in which it's inappropriate to call at least one person in that group by his/her first name.
What does "usted" mean?
It means "you". Use this when you are talking TO someone in which it's inappropriate to call that person by his/her first name. For example:
"¿Cómo está usted" You are talking TO Sra. Pinzás... talking TO a doctor.... Talking TO your dad's coworker...
Is it OK to have an indirect object pronoun in the sentence if you still have the indirect object in there also?
Yes. You will see this if they want to clarify who they are talking about. (Le/les)
Yo le di (gave) tu teléfono a la Sra. Pinzás. (It's OK to drop "Sra. Pinzás out of this sentence, but you always have to have that indirect object pronoun. (Yo le di tu teléfono.)
Is it OK to have a direct object pronoun in the sentence if you still have the direct object in there?
No. Once you replace the direct object with a pronoun, you have to remove the direct object.
What happens when you have a present progressive verb [for example: estoy comiendo is a the present progressive] and you have to put the object pronouns with the verb?
Never put them in between the estar and the gerund. You have to put them either before the "estar" or attached to the end of the gerund. (La estoy comiendo or Estoy comiéndola.)
When do you put your object pronouns after and attached to the end of the verb?
When the verb is in the infinitive form or when it is an affirmative command
When do you put your object pronouns in front of the verb?
When the verb is conjugated or in the negative command
(one exception... they go attached to the end of an affirmative command.)
What are the indirect object pronouns?
me, te, le, nos, os, les
What are the direct object pronouns?
me, te, lo, la, nos, os, los, las
What is the saying to help you to remember which are the weak vowels and the strong vowels?
"You and I are weak. The rest are strong."
Weak = u, i
Strong = a, e, o
What happens if you have a syllable that needs an accent but there are two vowels. Which one gets the accent?
The strong vowel
For example: Habláis
The one rule that trumps all the pronunciation rules is this: You have to pronounce your command (verb) exactly like you would if you did not have a pronoun after it.
Rule of pronunciation - What happens if you break one of the pronunciation rules?
You'll need to add an accent over the syllable that is breaking the rule and wanting the stress.
Rule of pronunciation: When do you stress the last syllable of a word?
If the word ends in any other consonant OTHER THAN N or S.
Rule of pronunciation: When do you stress the 2nd to the last syllable of a word?
If the word ends in an N, S, or a vowel.
What is the pronoun order? Which comes first, which comes 2nd, etc.?
Reflexive Direct - Me lavo las manos.
(I wash them. Me las lavo.
Where do your reflexive pronouns go when you have an affirmative command? Wake up early!
Attached to the end of the affirmative command.
Where do your reflexive pronouns go when you have a negative command? Don't wake up early!
In front of the command:
¡No te despiertes temprano!
When do you have to use a reflexive verb (a verb in the reflexive form)?
You have to use a reflexive verb when you do something to yourself.
When you have a reflexive verb, do you use the possessives (mi, tu, su, etc.)?
No. (Me pongo el abrigo.)
Where do the reflexive pronouns go when you have a conjugated verb?
I wash my hands.
They go before the conjugated verb:
Yo me lavo las manos.
(There is ONE exception to this. You will attach it to the end of an affirmative command... )
What are the reflexive pronouns?
Me, te, se, nos, os, se
When do you put your reflexive pronoun before the verb?
If the verb is conjugated, the pronoun goes in front of the conjugated verb. For example:
Paco se pone el abrigo.
The exception to that rule is when you have an affirmative command. They go attached to the end of an affirmative command.
What happens when you have an indirect object pronoun that starts with an "L" next to a direct object pronoun that also starts with an "L"?
The indirect object pronoun (le/les) changes to "se".
Yo le doy la pelota.
Yo se la doy.
What happens if you have a weak vowel and a strong vowel right next each other... but you pronounce your weak separately? (two syllables)
You have to put an accent on the weak vowel. This allows it to "separate" and get its own syllable.
Do all diphthongs need an accent?
No. For example: Bueno, bien, juego
Do -ar verbs have a stem change with the present progressive?
Do -er verbs have a stem change with the present progressive?
Do -ir verbs have a stem change with the present progressive?
What happens when you have the present progressive [for example: estoy comiendo] and you have to put the object pronouns with the verb?
Never put them in between the estar verb and the gerund. You have to put them either before the "estar" or attached to the end of the gerund. (La estoy comiendo or Estoy comiéndola.)
What is the only subject/verb form that is effected by the -car. -gar, -zar spelling change?
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Pronombres de objeto directo e indirecto
Descubre 1 Lección 5 Estructura 5.4 p174-175 Direc…
French- Object pronouns
Direct Objects and Indirect Objects
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
5.1 Verbos reflexivos y recíprocos, 5.1 Las Partes…