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ch 10 psych
Terms in this set (15)
Industry versus Inferiority
Erikson's fourth stage in which children attempt new skills, developing feelings of competence in their success or feeling inferior or incompetent.
The willingness to persist at challenging tasks and meet high standards of accomplishment.
The degree to which an individual believes his or her abilities and characteristics are modifiable (growth mindset) or enduring (fixed mindset).
A belief that success stems from trying hard and that failures are influenced by factors that can be controlled, like effort.
Learned Helplessness Orientation
An orientation characterized by a fixed mind-set and the attribution of poor performance to internal factors.
Likeability or the degree to which a child is viewed as a worthy social partner by his or her peers.
Children who receive many positive ratings from peers indicating that they are accepted and valued by peers.
An ongoing interaction in which a child is deliberately excluded by peers.
Also known as bullying; an ongoing interaction in which a child becomes a frequent target of physical, verbal, or social harm by another child or children.
Bullying, or repeated acts intended to hurt a victim, carried via electronic means such as text messaging, posting in chat rooms and discussion boards, and creating websites and blogs.
Individual or contextual challenges that tax an individual's coping capacities and can evoke psychological stress.
An individual who attacks or inflicts harm on others and who is also attacked or harmed by others; the child is both bully and victim.
Policy instituted by the People's Republic of China from 1979 to 2015; restricted the number of children married couples could have to one in an effort to curb population growth.
A family composed of a biological parent and a nonrelated adult, most commonly a mother and stepfather.
Variable that is thought to reduce the poor outcomes associated with adverse circumstances.
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