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Digestive System Vocab

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colostomy
surgical creation of an opening between colon and body surface
endoscope
instrument used for visual examination of internal structures
cirrhosis
progressive degenerative disease of liver characterized by disturbance of structure and function, usually results in jaundice
constipation
decrease in frequency in passage of stools of difficulty in passing hard/dry stools
volvulus
twisting of intestine on itself that causes an obstruction
crohn's disease
chronic degenerative disorder of any part of GI tract, usually the colon or ileum or both, resulting in scaring and thickening of walls
dehydration
condition in which fluid loss exceeds fluid intake and disrupts body's electrolyte balance
pica
eating disorder in which there is a persistent eating of non-nutritional substances such as clay
emesis
vomiting: expel contents of stomach through esophagus and out the mouth
ulcer
open lesion on skin or mucous membrane
enzyme
chemical substance responsible for increase in chemical reaction
bile
liver secretion that aids in the breakdown of fats
caries
tooth decay, cavities
pancreas
organ the secretes digestive juice/enzymes into small intestine, also secretes insulin
nasogastric tube
tube inserted through the nose, down the esophagus and into the stomach