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holt ancient civilizations unit 9
Greek word for city-state
age is one that is marked by great achievments
a high hill
Rule by the people
a government ruled by a few people.
People who had the right to participate in government
a body of land with water surrounding it on three sides.
a leader who held power through the use of force
a brilliant elected leader who ruled from 460 B.C.to 429 B.C.
a body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
the most famous lyric poet who was a woman
Greek author of fables (circa 620-560 BC)
short stories that teach the reader lessons about life or give advice on how to live
earliest Greek civilization that had developed on the island of Crete by 2000 B.C.
first Greek-speaking people; invaded Minoans; dominated Greek world 1400 B.C. to 1200 B.C.; sea traders; lived in separate city-states; invovled in Trojan War against Troy
Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense (circa 7th century BC)
Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
An aristocrat, created a council of 500 and helped from Athenian democracy