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20 terms

holt ancient civilizations unit 9

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polis
Greek word for city-state
classical age
age is one that is marked by great achievments
acropolis
a high hill
democracy
Rule by the people
aristocrats
rich landowners
oligarchy
a government ruled by a few people.
citizens
People who had the right to participate in government
peninsula
a body of land with water surrounding it on three sides.
tyrant
a leader who held power through the use of force
Pericles
a brilliant elected leader who ruled from 460 B.C.to 429 B.C.
mythology
a body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works
Homer
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
Sappho
the most famous lyric poet who was a woman
Aesop
Greek author of fables (circa 620-560 BC)
fables
short stories that teach the reader lessons about life or give advice on how to live
Minoans
earliest Greek civilization that had developed on the island of Crete by 2000 B.C.
Mycenaeans
first Greek-speaking people; invaded Minoans; dominated Greek world 1400 B.C. to 1200 B.C.; sea traders; lived in separate city-states; invovled in Trojan War against Troy
Draco
Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense (circa 7th century BC)
Solon
Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
Cleisthenes
An aristocrat, created a council of 500 and helped from Athenian democracy