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A slave who led a bloody rebellion in Southampton County, VA in 1831. Before that, white Virginians had worried little about a slave rebellion
A broad swath territory that stretched from SC, GA, and northern FL in the east through AL, MS, central and western TN, and LA, and from there on to AK and TX
Tredegar Iron Works
located in Richmond, it was the nation's fourth-largest producer of iron products
Characterized by a high degree of division of labor, it was virtually an agricultural equivalent of a factory village
pine barrens people
10% of southern whites, they usually squatted on the land, put up crude cabins, cleared some acreage on which they planted corn btwn tree stumps, and grazed hogs and cattle in the woods. They neither raised cash crops nor engaged in the daily routine of orderly work that characterized family farmers. With their ramshackle houses and handful of stump-strewn acres, they appeared lazy and shiftless
The Impending Crisis of the South
Written by Hinton R. Helper, it called upon non-slaveholders to abolish slavery in their own interest, revealed the persistence of a degree of white opposition to slavery
Virginian who contrasted the plight of northern factory workers, "wage slaves" who were callously discarded by their bosses when they were too old or too sick to work, with the southern slaves, who were fed and clothed even when old and ill b/c they were the property of conscientious masters
Southern code of honor
An extraordinary sensitivity to one's reputation, a belief that one's self-esteem depends on the judgement of others
A former slave who was the leading black abolitionist during the antebellum period
Blacks who were not slaves. Most of them lived in urban areas. The relatively specialized economies of the cities provided free people of color with opportunities to become carpenters, coopers (barrel makers), barbers, and even small traders
Former slave and leading abolitionist who made repeated trips back to the South to help other slaves escape
Supposedly an organized network of safe houses owned by white abolitionists who spirited blacks to freedom in the North and Canada
Religious songs sang by blacks. Its is shrouded in obscurity, but it is clear that by 1820 blacks at camp meetings had improvised what one white described as "short scraps of disjointed affirmations, pledges, or prayers lengthened out with long repetition choruses."
Stephen F. Austin
He exemplified the shifting allegiances of many Anglos on the American frontier. He was known as the "Mexicanized Anglo" who helped turn Texas into an agriculturally and ethnically rich province
German and Irish immigrants
They formed more than 60% of the pop. of St. Louis; nearly 1/2 the pop. of NYC, Chicago, Cincinnati, Milwaukee, Detroit, and San Francisco; & well over a third that of New Orleans, Baltimore, and Boston by 1860
Commonwealth vs. Hunt
A court case in 1842 where the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled that labor unions were not illegal monopolies that restrained trade
The land north of the 42nd parallel (the northern boundary of Cali), south of 54'40 (the southern boundary of Alaska), and west of the Rocky Mountains
An abandoned mission where 200 defenders of San Antonio retreated in 02/1836 after Santa Anna's army of 4,000 men defeated them
Military leader and Prez of the Republic of Texas who defeated Santa Anna's men in 15 min.
James K. Polk
The 1st "dark-horse" presidential nominee in American history and a supporter of immediate annexation
Coined by journalist John L. O'Sullivan, it was the belief that it was the U.S. mission to expand to spread freedom
Victorious military leader in the Mexican-Am war who became the Prez of the U.S. in 1848. He was a member of the Whig Party
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Mexico ceded TX with the Rio Grande boundary, New Mexico, and Cali to the U.S. In return, the U.S. assumed the claims of American citizens against the Mexican govt. and paid Mexico million. It was signed on 2/2/1848
The amendment that stipulated that slavery be prohibited in any territory acquired by the negotiations
A faction of the Democratic Party in NY that favored the Wilmot Proviso, called the Barnburners, they broke away from the party, linked up with former Liberty party abolitionists, and courted antislavery "Conscience" Whigs
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