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chapter 5: civil liberties
Terms in this set (19)
rights—chiefly, the rights to be free of government interference—accorded to an individual by the Constitution (free speech, free press, and so on).
due process of law
denies the government the right, without due process, to deprive people of life, liberty, and property.
equal protection of the laws
a standard of equal treatment that must be observed by the government.
the process whereby the Court has applied most, but not all, parts of the Bill of Rights to the states.
freedom of expression
right of people to speak, publish, and assemble.
freedom of religion
people shall be free to exercise their religion, and government may not establish a religion.
censorship of a publication.
law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and present danger of producing harmful actions.
writing that falsely injures another person; it's hard to sue for libel.
an act that conveys a political message; freedom of speech sometimes doesn't protect symbolic speech, like burning your draft card.
first Amendment requirement that law cannot prevent free exercise of religion..
first Amendment ban on laws "respecting an establishment of religion".
wall of separation
court ruling that government cannot be involved with religion.
improperly gathered evidence may not be introduced in a criminal trial.
a judge's order authorizing a search.
reasonable cause for issuing a search warrant or making an arrest; more than mere suspicion.
good faith exception
an error in gathering evidence sufficiently minor that it may be used in a trial.
public safety exception
the police can question an un-Mirandized suspect if there is an urgent concern for public safety.
the police can use evidence if it would inevitably have been discovered.
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