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chapter 6: civil rights
Terms in this set (12)
the rights of people to be treated without unreasonable or unconstitutional differences.
the doctrine established in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) that African Americans could constitutionally be kept in separate but equal facilities.
classifications of people based on their race or ethnicity; laws so classifying people are subject to "strict scrutiny".
the standard by which "suspect classifications" are judged. to be upheld, such a classification must be related to a "compelling government interest," be "narrowly tailored" to achieve that interest, and use the "least restrictive means" available.
de jure segregation
racial segregation that is required by law.
de facto segregation
racial segregation that occurs in schools, not as a result of the law, but as a result of patterns of residential settlement.
opposing a law one considers unjust by peacefully disobeying it and accepting the resultant punishment.
state power to effect laws promoting health, safety, and morals.
equality of results
making certain that people achieve the same result.
laws or administrative regulations that require a business firm, government agency, labor union, school, college, or other organization to take positive steps to increase the number of African Americans, other minorities, or women in its membership.
using race or sex to give preferential treatment to some people.
equality of opportunity
giving people an equal chance to succeed.
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