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8 terms

Unit 12-Reaction Kinetics (rates)

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reaction rate
rate at which reactants change into products over time
instantaneous rate
The rate at any instant in time
rate law
an expression relating the rate of a reaction to the concentration of the reactants
rate constant
a constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and the concentrations of reactants that appear in the rate law
reaction mechanism
a series of elementary reactions that take place during the course of a complex reaction
collision theory
For a reaction to occur, the particles must collide, they must collide with the appropriate orientation, and they must collide with sufficient energy.
activated complex
an unstable arrangement of atoms that exists momentarily at the peak of the activation-energy barrier; an intermediate or transitional structure formed during the course of a reaction
catalyst
(chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected