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16 terms

Motivation and Emotion -Chapter 9

Psychology Exam 2
STUDY
PLAY
Motivation
Area of psychological science concerned with the factors that energize, or stimulate behavior. (Focusing on what produces behaviors)
Need
State of biological or social deficiencies- need for achievement, social or biological
Need Hierarchy
(On 381) Arrangement of needs where basic survival is lowest priority and personal growth is highest. Survival has to be satisfied first- physiological, then safety, belonging and love, esteem and self actualization at the top
Self Actualization
State that is achieved when one's personal dreams and aspirations have been attained
Arousal
Psychological activation, such as increased brain activity, autonomic responses, sweating, or muscle tension
Drives
Psychological states that motivate an organism to satisfy its needs. You experience a need then drive in a response to it.
Homeostasis
The tendency for bodily functions to maintain equilibrium. Keeping a set point of your behaviors.
Incentives
External stimuli that motivate behaviors, (like getting a good grade is an incentive for studying, or the sweet taste of apple pie is incentive for eating more of it)
Yerkes-Dodson Law
According to it, performance increases with arousal until an optimal point, after which arousal interferes with its performance.
Pleasure Principle
Drives people to seek pleasure and avoid pain. Hedonism refers to humans' desire for pleasantness due to the desire to get your behaviors on track.
Extrinsic Motivation
Motivation to perform an activity because of eternal goals toward which the activity is directed. Such as reducing drive or obtaining
Intrinsic Motivation
Refers to being motivated as a result of the value or pleasure associated with an activity that has no apparent external goal. Like listening to music and playing puzzles. a reward, like working to earn.
Need to Belong Theory
Need for interpersonal attachments is a fundamental motive that has evolved for adaptive purposes
Sexual Response Cycle
pattern of physiological responses during sexual activity that occur in four stages. Excitement, Plateau, Orgasm and Resolution.
Hormones
Influence sexual activity with estrogen counts, etc. Puberty is also a result of hormone levels increasing as well as the development of secondary sexual characteristics.
Neurotransmitters
Effect various aspects of sexual response. By enhancing serotonin, etc.