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TeXes Core EC-6: Science
Terms in this set (207)
Five Kingdoms of Life
Animal, Plant,Protista (viruses and slime molds), Monera (bacteria and algae) Fungi,
A graph that uses line segments to show changes that occur over time
a chart that shows the relationship of a part to a whole
a graph that uses vertical or horizontal bars to show comparisons among two or more items
an investigation used to gather and describe data
an insulator or a poor conductor of thermal energy
ability to dissolve in another substance (increases with increasing temperatures)
Water in Lake
cool water is more dense than warm water and stays on the bottom
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
2 or more elements chemically combined
molecular structure of gas
particles arranged at random and far apart that there is no force of attraction between them
conservation of energy
a principle stating that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can be altered from one form to another.
the energy an object has due to its motion
stored energy that results from the position or shape of an object
conservation of mass
a principle stating that mass cannot be created or destroyed.
Sound in space
There are not enough particles in the vacuum of space to cause the vibrations necessary to transmit sound.
a chemical reaction in which heat is released to the surroundings
the bouncing back of a ray of light, sound, or heat when the ray hits a surface that it does not go through
the principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
The bending of a wave as it passes at an angle from one medium to another
always much closer to earth than it is to sun
concentration of stars of our own galaxy, closer to earth than the stars of other galaxies
third highest layer in atmosphere, coldest of the atmospheric layer
The uppermost layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature increases as altitude increases
lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere, water vapor or moisture is found, where most weather takes place
the second layer of the atmosphere and contains the ozone layer
divided into seven plates that move around in different directions and sometimes crash into one another
process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports soil and sediment from one location to another
glaciers that covered parts of North America continent in past most likely responsible for
The Great Lakes
a signal from or change in an organism's environment that the organism responds to - a child touching a hot stove, a stimulus outside the body cause reaction
anything within an organism that causes it to react - hunger inside body causes child to drink milk
An organism's particular role in an ecosystem, or how it makes its living.
an animal that naturally preys on others.
relationship in which two species live closely together
Change over time
five major groups or kindgoms
plant, animal, monera, fungi, protist
all living things
made of cells
respond to environment
maintain stable internal conditions (homeostasis)
grow and develop
convert fuel and good (metabolism)
repeated trails allow?
to collect more data and ensure data collected is accurate and precise, if numbers not similar, then know there is an error in the procedure
using low power to high power microscope lens allow you to see?
fewer cells with low power view but greater detail
movement of life
is not a requirement but responding to the environment is
living thing requirement
water (matter), food (energy), habitat, and safety
Three stage life cycle
(simple life) egg, birth, adult stage for animals.
seed, seedling and adult for plants
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes
group of undifferentiated cells that divide to produce increased length of stems and roots
a transformation or dramatic change from one stage of life to the next
(four stage cycle) the young looks completely different than the adult. ex: egg, larva, pupa, adult - butterfly, mosquito
(three stage cycle) the you look different than adults but not as drastic of change. ex: egg, larva (nymph), adult - grasshopper
animals in science projects
must be approved by a school district review board
investigation designed to observe and describe what occurs naturally
organisms (like fungi and bacteria) that break down wastes and dead organisms and return raw materials to the environment (are important i the ecosystem, will be unstable if missing)
advantage of designing and conducting laboratory experiments rather than relying on observations of the natural world?
selected variables can be controlled more easily in the laboratory than in the natural world, cause and effect relationships can be detected more easily
cup and string telephone creation energy transformation
sound energy cause by objects vibration, energy transferred from moving string to paper cups (mechanical energy), sound energy
box pushed from left, at same time box is pushed on the right with greater force, where will the box be pushed?
will move toward the left
Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, Evaluate
to test acidic or basic use what kind of indicator?
litmus paper, will turn red under acidic conditions, turns blue under basic conditions
An enclosure, usually transparent, with a layer of dirt in the bottom in which plants and sometimes small animals are kept indoors.
process which student evaluates his or her own progress or performance
assessment presented in written format and administered to student in single sitting
newtons pushing on block without acting forces pushing back
4 newtons ---- 1 kilogram
forces acting upon an object are balanced then
could be moving with constant velocity to change its velocity is to apply unbalanced force
how is a hamburger example of stored energy
it stores chemical energy that can be converted to other forms of energy
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals
process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
beans and coal both have stored energy
from sun's light
group of similar cells that perform a particular function
groups of tissues that work together to perform a specific function or related functions
a group of organs working together
a living thing, group of systems working together to do a particular job
physical activity involves
circulatory, excretory, muscular and respiratory system
removes metabolic waste from body. Our body releases salt, urine, co2. Lungs release co2 and water, the skin releases sweat. The kidneys filter waste from blood and reabsorb nutrients, producing urine.
male part of flower produces and contains pollen
female part of flower that has seeds and turns into fruit
petal and sepal
neither male nor female part in flower
to maintain fluid balance, conserve sodium and reabsorb water, contributing to the reduction in urine production (can lose significant amounts of fluid and some sodium in your sweat when exercising)
have a cell wall offers support and chloroplasts containing chlorophyll. can make their own food.
Have a cell membrane, not a cell wall. cells can move.
control the opening and closing of stomata
genetic information in order from simplest to most complex
DNA, genes, chromosomes
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to form the first cell of a new organism - advantage increases the genetic variability in organisms of the same species and even within the offspring of one couple (think of adaptations within species)
process of reproduction involving a single parent that results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent
can be different genders, formed from the same fertilized egg, can vary in their genetic makeup (genome) even though they are formed from the same egg and originally have same genetic composition
how does DNA code for specific proteins that are unique in each individual?
DNA codes for RNA which codes for amino acids which acids which hook together to make proteins
egg, caterpillar (larva), pupa, butterfly
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits (Bb)
individuals that are best suited to their environment+ survive and pass on their genetic traits to successive generations
What conditions produce the most surface water runoff
steeper the slope, less infiltration the more runoff occurs. heavy rain saturates the ground and if it is already saturated then water will run off (ground that is frozen limits infiltration of rain and causes runoff of melting snow)
the process in which material is laid down
how does plants being planted on the side of the road prevent soil from being eroded?
plants break the impact of rainfall on the soil and hold the soil in place to prevent erosion
formed when molten rock (magma) rises up from earths mantle deep underground.
formed when rocky fragments and sediments are deposited together by wind, water or ice cement together into new rocks.
formed when extreme heat or pressure underground bakes, squeezes, or folds rocks into something new
water evaporates from ocean and condenses in atmosphere, what causes the change?
addition and then removal of heat
a measure of the amount of water vapor in the air
air - water vapor
contains water, near the ground form as water vapor. warm air rises it expands and cools. cool air cant hold as much water vapor as warm air some vapor condenses onto tiny pieces of dust that are floating in the air and form a tiny droplet around each dust particles. billions droplets come together become cloud.
ocean currents resulting from winds over oceans illustrate transfer of energy from
motion of the atmosphere or wind above transfer to hydrosphere
clouds and precipitation usually occur along frontal surface because
warm air rises, expands and cools.
energy of object in motion
sum of kinetic energy and potential energy of an object
A form of potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds between atoms; food is an excellent source
known as heat, energy occurs as result in temperature difference
energy carried by sound waves
energy that occurs as a result of light
energy that comes from the sun
The energy of electric charges
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
group of similar cells that perform specific functions
Groups of organs that work together to perform a group of closely related functions.
way of processing information and developing self awareness as it relates to the exploration of the environment though movement, sight, sound and taste
are caused pathogens (virus, bacterium, and fungus) abnormal conditions
traits of mammals
Mammary glands, lungs, hair, high metabolic rate/high body temperature.
types of tissue
epithelial, connective, muscle, nerve
a group of organs that work together to carry out related tasks.
makes their own food from inorganic substances that produces organic compounds from inorganic compounds (is a producer)
the phase of the moon when it is in conjunction with the sun and invisible from earth, or shortly thereafter when it appears as a slender crescent.
why is water not on the periodic table?
is a molecule made of two elements, periodic table only has individual elements.
instrument used to measure mass of object
triple beam balance
importance to identify potential sources of error
improves quality of student's experimental design
how does continued use of fossil fuels impact personal and societal needs?
price of fossil fuel rise, impact cost of living, impact families and economy
geysers and volcanoes often mistaken as same thing, how are they similar?
both are heated by geothermal energy
question about ecosystem asked at the analyzing level of Blooms Taxonomy?
what can you infer about an aquatic ecosystem when as invasive species takes over the area? (higher level thinking)
force acts on an object and cuses displacement of the object
example that does not illustrate "work" being done on an object
runner pushes against a large tree
example of energy
(ball being pushed towards another ball on floor) what the ball possess due to their movement or position along the tile floor as they move towards each other
quantity that has to do with the rate at which a certain amount of work is done (how quickly work can be done)
when atoms are chemically bonded together
they share or donate valence electrons
example of refraction
pencil in water (light cant travel as fast in water as it does in air)
using a hand lens, why does the object appear larger?
light is bent through the lens making the object appear larger
ability to do work, move other matter, produce chemical change
how does the villi in the small intestine assist in the job of the small intestine?
is a tiny tissue that increases the surface area of the small intestines, which works with the muscle and blood to allow for large amounts of nutrients to be absorbed into the blood.
Greenhouse Gases (GHGs)
gases in Earth's atmosphere that trap heat near the surface
the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle.
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Newton's Third Law
for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction (ex: airplane moves in the opposite direction of the air pushed out by its engines)
an organism that has two different alleles for a trait
the gradual change in a species over time, result in new species over many years
Gravitational force from any object extends to?
What is the basic structure of every living organism?
responsible for breaking down glucose for energy
a species on which other species in an ecosystem largely depend, such that if it were removed the ecosystem would change drastically.
A relationship between two organisms in which one organism benefits and the other is unaffected
A relationship between two species in which both species benefit
A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is harmed
What color of visible light has the longest wavelength?
gives a result close to the actual result
gives a result that is same to the actual result
Example of a response to an external stimuli?
plant grows toward the sunlight
actions causes a result further in the direction the system was already moving (ex: contractions during labor and childbirth)
breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface.
process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports soil and sediment from one location to another
the series of processes by which carbon compounds are interconverted in the environment, chiefly involving the incorporation of carbon dioxide into living tissue by photosynthesis and its return to the atmosphere through respiration, the decay of dead organisms, and the burning of fossil fuels.
Air mass that originates over a large body of water near equator is?
warm and humid because water near the equator is warm and the air will be umid because it is forming over water.
Six kingdoms of living things
animals, plants, fungi, protists, eubacteria, archaebacteria
What is an example that reduces the availability of fresh drinking water for humans and animals?
increased crop irrigation
Newton's Second Law
Force equals mass times acceleration
contain specialized, membrane bound organelles
Insect development consisting of three stages: egg, nymph, and adult
Situation in which one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
a relationship in which one allele is completely dominant over another
process by which, in a fluid being heated, the warmer part of the mass will rise and the cooler portions will sink.
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching.
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry (ex: persons blood pressure is too high and their brain sends signals to slow their heart rate)
bacterial organisms that live in extreme environments (unicellular, prokaryotic, live in extreme environments)
bacteria that contains mostly free-living bacteria (unicellular, prokaryotic, common bacteria, live in water, soil and in animals) (by shape: cocci-round, bacilli-rod shaped, spirilla-spiral/linear usually have flagella)
mostly multi-cellular organisms that obtain energy by breaking down substances in their surroundings and absorbing them (mostly multi-cellular, eukaryotic, heterotrophic) (mushrooms, bread mold, yeast)
made up of organisms that can perform photosynthesis to make food (multi-cellular, eukaryotic, autotrophic, mostly green color)
eukaryotic, multicellular, heterotrophic organisms (consumers: obtain food from others)
unicellular, cells have no membrane around the nucleus, absorbs nutrients from outside their bodies
unicellular or multi-cellular, membrane around nucleus, reproduce by splitting in two
single-celled organisms that do not have a membrane-bound nucleus. consists of the kingdoms Bacteria and Archaea.
can be single and mulitcelluar, are membrane-bound organelles including a defined nucleus where the DNA is separated from the cell cytoplasm. consists of the kingdoms Animal, Plant, Fungi and Protist.
organisms organized and classified into terms Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family Genus and Species. (Kings Play Chess On Fancy Glass Squares)
eukaryotic kingdom of heterotrophic decomposers with cell walls made of chitin (mushroom) unicellular and multi-cellular, obtain food from others
eukaryotic kingdom, single-celled but not an animal, plant or fungus (slime molds)
Non Vascular Plant
type of plant that does not have an internal transport system
type of tree that shed all of their leaves at a specific time/event (such as winter)
type of tree that do NOT shed all of their leaves at a specific time/event (such as winter) shed year round
animals that typically have no backbone (invertebrates), a hard outer covering (exoskeleton), three body parts (head, thorax, abdomen), antennae, 3 pairs of legs.
cold-blooded animals that have a backbone (vertebrate) and smooth, moist skin. lay their eggs in water but adults live on land.
cold-blooded animals that have a backbone (vertebrate) and dry, scaly skin. live on land. some carry salmonella and precautions should be taken to keep students safe
warm-blooded animals that typically, have three bones in their ears, have hair, and produce milk for their young
Plasma Membrane/Cell Membrane
soft membrane that encloses the cytoplasm of a cell. movement of molecules in and out of the cell is regulated by this membrane. (plant)
threadlike proteins that give a cell its shape and allows it to move (plant)
organelle that converts chemical energy to ATP often knows as the powerhouse of the cell (plant)
clear jelly like substance in plant and animal cells made up of mostly water
organelle that contains DNA and can control cellular activity by turning genes in DNA on and off
organelle that transport materials throughout the cell
organelles in animal cells that assist with cell division
organelle in animal cells that contains enzymes to break down large molecules. it breaks down the cell when it dies
small openings on plant leaves that water, carbon dioxide and oxygen pass through during photosynthesis
organelle in plant cells where photosythesis takes place, contains choloroghyll
protects the internal parts of body from foreign matter, regulates body temperature and gets rid of some wastes like water and salt through perspiration (skin)
protects the organs, gives the body structure and support, works with the muscular system for movement and stores essential minerals like calcium (femur bone)
moves body parts working with the skeletal system (legs) or materials (food via intestine, blood via heart) .... (bicep muscle)
detects and processes information and activates body responses to that information (brain)
creates gametes (M: sperm, F:eggs) and facilitates creating offspring (ovaries)
transports material (oxygen) throughout the body (heart) ... (food and water)
breaks down food through physical and chemical reactions then either absorbs it (small intestine) or passes it from the body (rectum) .... (stomach) (continuous tube of organs, that each perform different functions)
produces hormones that are used by other parts of the body to regulate, react or grow (pituitary gland)
protects body from disease and infection and removes excess water from around the organs (white blood cells)
brings oxygen into the bloodstream and releases carbon dioxide from the bloodstream (lungs)
controls water balance and removes wastes from the bloodstream (kidneys)
has centrioles and small vacuoles are commonly found in animal cells
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
EC-6 291 Science
TExES Core Subjects EC-6 Science
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