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Terms in this set (28)

Medicalization - formal response: formal diagnosis and institutional response | informal response: usually rehabilitation but not alwaysMedicine acts not only as an independent agent of social control, but frequently medical collaboration with other authorities serves social control functions.Such collaboration includes roles as information provider, gatekeeper, institutional agent, and technician. These interdependent medical control functions highlight the extent to which medicine is interwoven in the fabric of society. These are general gatekeeping and social control tasks. In some instances the physician functions as specific gatekeeper for special exemptions from conventional norms; here the exemptions are authorized because of illness, disease, or disability.

The brighter side of medicalization includes the positive or beneficial qualities that are attributed to medicalization. First, medicalization is related to a longtime humanitarian trend in the conception and control of deviance. Second, medicalization allows for the extension of the sick role to those labeled as deviants. Third, the medical model can be viewed as portraying an optimistic outcome for the deviant. Fourth, medicalization lends the prestige of the medical profession to deviance designations and treatments.

There is a "darker" side to the medicalization of deviance. Dislocation of Responsibility. Assumption of the Moral Neutrality of Medicine. Domination of Expert Control. Individualization of Social Problems. Depoliticization of Deviant Behavior