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28 terms

Chapter 22 vocab. US History

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Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)
William Westmoreland
American General who commanded American military operations in the Vietnam War at its peak from 1964 to 1968
Eugene McCarthy
1968 Democratic candidate for President who ran to succeed incumbent Lyndon Baines Johnson on an anti-war platform.
Robert Kennedy
He was a Democrat who ran for president in 1968 promoting civil rights and other equality based ideals. He was ultimately assassinated in 1968, leaving Nixon to take the presidency but instilling hope in many Americans.
Richard Nixon
he was elected to be US President after Johnson decided to not to run for US president again. He promised peace with honor in Vietnam which means withdrawing American soliders from South Vietnam
Henry Kissinger
Secretary of State, supported realpolitik, appointed by Nixon as his national Secretary advisor, engaged shuttle diplomacy
Zhou Enlai
Zhou Enlai was a prominent and influential member of the Chinese Communist Party during the time of Mao. He played a large role in China's reestablishing ties with the West.
Dien Bien Phu
In 1954, Vietminh rebels besieged a French garrison at Dien Bien Phu, deep in the interior of northern Vietnam. In May, after the United States refused to intervene, Dien Bien Phu fell to the communists.
Domino Theory
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
SEATO
Southeast Treaty Organization: Includes USA, UK, France, Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand
Vietcong
the guerrilla soldiers of the Communist faction in Vietnam, also know as the National Liberation Front
GUlf of Tonkin Resolution
allowed the president to take all necassay measures to repel armed attack or prevent further aggression
Naplam
Highly flammable chemical dropped from U.S. planes in firebombing attacks during the Vietnam War
Hawk
an advocate of an aggressive policy on foreign relations
Dove
an emblem of peace
Draftee
someone who is drafted into military service
SDS
a student organization that opposed the war in vietnam and held marches
credibility gap
The gap between the Johnson Administration and the American public support
tet offensive
surprise attacks on cities all over South Vietnam
Vietnamization
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
Kent State University
Where The Kent State Shootings Took Place Which Killed Four Students And Injured Nine Others
My Lai
location of the killing of over 400 Vietnamese civilians by American soldiers
Pentagon Papers
A 7,000-page top-secret United States government report on the history of the internal planning and policy-making process within the government itself concerning the Vietnam War.
Paris Peace Accords
1973 peace agreement between the United States, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and the Vietcong that effectively ended the Vietnam War.
War Powers Act
Notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying troops; had to gain congress' approval to stay longer than 90 days; designed to curtail President's power
realpolitik
"realistic politics," practical politics, ends justified the means, power more important than principles
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
two agreements signed in 1972 and 1979 between he united states and soviet union limiting the number of offensive nuclear missles
detente
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China