Gross Anatomy, Microscopic Anatomy, Developmental Anatomy, and Comparative Anatomy
List the four types of anatomy study
B. systemic anatomy
The study of all the parts that make up the systems in a body is referred to as: a. microscopic anatomy, b. systemic anatomy, c. cytology
the study of the structural changes that occur in the body throughout the life span, from conception to death is known as _____
This is a specific branch of developmental Anatomy that is concerned with the period through conception to birth (usually including the first year of life)
Pathological / Pharmacological
_____is the study of disease processes while _____ is the study of drug actions in the body.
Dissection, Microscopy, Radiography, Tomography, Ultrasound, Scintigraphy, and MRI
List 7 methods of investigation used in physiology.
Radiography uses 2D images while Tomography combines x-rays to create a 3D image.
What is the difference between radiography and tomography?
Which of the following methods of investigation uses a radioactive isotope directly injected into a specific area? A. CAT Scan, B. Scintigraphy, C. MRI
Which method of investigation is uses magnets and assists in viewing areas of the body where changes in density are subtle? A. MRI, B. Scintigraphy, C. Tomography
From smallest to largest, list the levels of organization in a body.
An aggregation of similar cells joined together to perform a specific function is called _____
A structure consisting of two or more tissues that performs a specific function is known as _____
Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Respiratory, Cardiovascular, Lymphatic, Urinary, Digestive and Reproductive
List the 11 systems within the body.
The homeostatic mechanism by which the body returns to its original state is called _____
The homeostatic mechanism by which the body advances to a new state is called _____
Superior/Inferior, Ventral/Dorsal, Medial/Lateral/Median, Proximal/Distal, Superficial/Deep
List the 5 directional reference pairs.
Directional reference meaning toward the front surface of the body/toward the back surface of the body.
Directional reference meaning towards the midline of the body/away from the midline of the body/at the midline of the body
Directional reference meaning closer to the point of attachment/further from the point of attachment.
Directional reference meaning closer to the surface, away from the core/closer to the core, away from the surface.
The Ventral Cavity contains the thoracic cavity within which are housed the pleural cavities (associated with the lungs) and the mediastinum which contains the pericardial cavity (associated with the heart). Below the thoracic cavity and separated by the diaphragm is the abdominopelvic cavity. Subdivided into two sections the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity.
Describe the Ventral Cavity
The Dorsal cavity contains the cranial cavity (associated with the brain) and the vertebral cavity (associated with the spinal cord)
Describe the Dorsal Cavity
The facial cavity contains the oral or buccal cavity, the nasal cavity, the orbital cavity (eye sockets), and the middle ear (or tympanic or otic) cavity.
Describe the facial cavities.
The membrane generally found lining the cavities of the body which contain an entrance or exit.
The membrane generally found lining cavities of the body that are entirely contained.
Right Hypochondriac, Epigastric, Left Hypochondriac, Right Lumbar, Umbilical, Left Lumbar, Right Iliac, Hypogastric, Left Iliac
List from right to left, top to bottom the nine regions of the body.
A horizontal line is drawn at the bottom of the ribs and another at the top of the pelvis, two vertical lines are drawn through the mammary region
Describe how the nine region method is sectioned off on the body.
The trunk is sectioned into two parts, the thorax and the abdominopelvic region. The thorax contains the mammary, sternal, axillary, costal and vertebral, the abdominopelvic region contains the areas within the 9 region method (r and l hypochondriac, Epigastric, r and l lumbar, umbilical, r and l iliac and hypogastric)
Describe the parts of the trunk.
Shoulder/acromial, omos or deltoid, arm/brachium, elbow/cubital region, forearm/antebrachium, wrist/carpus, hand/manus (including the palm and dorsum)
List the common and anatomical terms for the upper extremities.
Thigh/Femoral region, Knee/patellar, back of the knee/popliteal, leg/cura (includes shin and calf), ankle/tarsus, foot/pes (includes dorsum and sole-plantar surface.
List the common and anatomical terms for the lower extremities