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Terms in this set (32)
hijacking of an aircraft
"systematic use of terror or unpredictable violence against governments, publics, or individuals to attain a political objective".
Peruvians seized a Pan American mail plane w/ goal of dropping leaflets over Lima.
23 reported hijackings (mostly Europeans seeking political asylum)
first fatal hijacking - 3 Romanians killed a crew member.
first major act of criminal viloence against a U.S. air carrier. Jack Graham placed a bomb in mother's luggage. 33 killed (wanted insurance $; got death sentence).
suicide bomber on a National Airlines flight - killed all on board
what is important about the incidents that occurred in 1955 and 1960?
These two incidents lead to demands for baggage inspections.
U.S. began using armed guards on select flights
FAA created Task Force on deterrence of air piracy. Developed hijacker "profile" that could be used with metal detectors (magnetometers). Eastern began using them in 1970; 4 other airlines followed.
September 11, 1970
President Nixon announced a comprehensive hijacking program that included use of air marshals
FAA emergency rule to require inspection of carry-on baggage and scanning of all pxs
March 18, 1972
first A/P security regs implemented; later formalized in Part 107
antihijacking bill; sanctioned universal screening (Part 108 in 1981)
Positive Px Bag Matching (PPMB)
went into effect for U.S. carriers @ European and Middle Eastern A/Ps after Lockerbie (12-11-88) - x-ray or search all checked bags and reconcile pxs w/ their checked bags
Aviation Security Improvement Act (Bush 41)
focusing on developing techniques and procedures for detecting explosives and weapons
December 7, 1987
David Burke, USAir Employee. Carried .44 pistol on board a BAE-146. Shot Supervisor and 2 pilots. Aircraft crashed and killed all 44. At the time, airline and airport employees were allowed to bypass screening check points
Ramzi Yousef - Al Queda terrorist. "Manila Air Plot." Plotted to destroy 12 U.S. airlines using liquid-based solutions in contact lens solution containers. Plot also intended to kill President Clinton, Pope John Paul, and fly GA aircraft filled with explosives into CIA Headquarters.
what did the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA) form? TSR's•Federal Security Directors (FSD)•Airport Security Plan
what was the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA) mission?
protect nation's transportation system to ensure freedom of mvt. for people and commerce.
Air Operations Area (AOA)
portion of airport defined is security plan in which security measures are executed
portion of airport defined in security plan where pxs access boarding aircraft, i.e., where pxs go through TSA checkpoints
portion of airport defined in security plan where measures defined in Part 1542 (Airport Security) are executed (the area for loading and unloading of pxs and baggage between aircraft and terminal)
any portion of secured area, AOA, or SIDA, including individual access points in which air carrier operators under 1544 or 1546 has responsibility for its area, e.g., aircraft storage and maintenance hangars, air cargo facilities, FBO's, etc.
Security Identification Display Area (SIDA)
portion of airport defined in the security plan where security measures are executed; includes secured area and other areas of the airport
what are some Airport Security measures? .
Checked Baggage Screening
Controlled Access Gates ("Piggybacking")
what are ways of passenger screening?
Explosive Trace Detection (ETD) Equip
how is the majority of ga security done today?
Most activities performed by owners
GA A/C (most) have less mass (kinetic energy)
Most people on GA airports know one another ("neighborhood watch" system)
what has not been a major security focus?
general aviation security (about to change - LASP)
what are potential risks of ga security?
Have little supervision
Load carrying capability could make up for lack of kinetic energy
Could hit ground based targets, e.g., urban areas
Patrolling is often infrequent
Fencing is often limited, antiquated, or inadequate
Some states require GA A/P Security Plans
Cost of GA security could be high
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