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22 terms

Glencoe Health Ch 18 Vocab

vocab
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absorption
passage of digested food from the digestive tract into the circulatory system (412)
bile
yellow-green bitter fluid important in the breakdown of fats (416)
chyme
creamy fluid mixture of food and gastric juices (415)
digestion
mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods for use by the body's cells (412)
elimination
the expulsion of undigested food or body wastes (412)
gastric juices
secretions from the stomach lining that contain pepsin and hydrocloric acid (414)
ingestion
taking food into the body (413)
mastication
the process of chewing , prepares the food to be swallowed (413)
peristalsis
series of unvoluntary muscular contractions (414)
indigestion
burning discomfort in the upper abdomen (418)
hiatal hernia
condition in which part of the stomach pushes through an opening in the diaphram (419)
appendicitis
inflamation of the appendix (421)
peptic ulcer
sore in the lining of the digestive tract (422)
bladder
hollow muscular organ that acts as a reservoir for urine (426)
cystitis
bacterial infection of the bladder that occurs most frequently in females (428)
hemodialysis
technique in which an artificial kidney machine removes waste products from the blood (429)
incontenence
inability of the body to control the bladder and the elimination of waste (428)
nephrons
functional units of the kidneys (425)
urine
liquid waste material (424)
ureters
tubes that connect the kidneys with the bladder (425)
urethra
tube that leads from the bladder to the outside of the body (426)
urethritis
inflamation of the urethra (428)