Upgrade to remove ads
Politics of the United States
Utah Court Systems
Terms in this set (35)
How is a Justice of the Peace Court established?
By a municipality of county
What does a JotP Court have jurisdiction over?
Class B and C Misdemeanors, Infractions, Small Claims under $11,000, and traffic offenses committed by juveniles 16-18 years old
What are exceptions to JotP Court jurisdiction?
Automobile homicide, DUI, Joyriding, Reckless driving, evading an officer.
What may a Justice Court judge issue?
Search and Arrest warrants, but only for the offense that occurred within the geographic area covered by the court.
What does a District Court have jurisdiction over?
All matters both criminal and civil
When will the DC exercise jurisdiction of class B and C misdemeanors?
When there is no Justice Court in the geographic jurisdiction of the District Court
What does Juvenile Court have jurisdiction over?
Minors who commit violations of the law and are under 18 years of age
What are the exceptions for Juvenile Court?
Minors 16 or over who commit murder or aggravated murder, minors over 16 who were previously sent to secure confinement, and minors who have been certified to answer charges as an adult.
What is a "Trial De Novo"?
When a person challenges a finding in either a Justice Court or an Administrative Hearing, they are entitled to a retrial in District Court.
What does the Utah Court of Appeals have jurisdiction over?
District and Juvenile court
True or False: The Court of Appeals will hear arguments, but not evidence.
What does the Utah Supreme Court have jurisdiction over?
All of Utah's court systems
What is the USC described as?
The court of last resort
What is the structure of the Federal Court System from most to least powerful?
United States Supreme Court, Circuit Courts of Appeals, Specialty Courts, District Courts, Magistrate Courts
What are Specialty Courts?
Military and Immigration Courts
What cases does the SCOTUS hear?
Only hears cases which raise a question of federal Constitutional law from the highest court in the state.
What is a Defendant?
The person being charged with a criminal act.
What are the two different attorneys used in court cases?
Prosecutor and Defense attorney
What is a Prosecutor?
The person acting on behalf of the government entity filing charges against the defendant.
What is a Defense Attorney?
Privately paid attorneys paid for by the defendant, or public defenders paid for by the government.
What is a Judge?
A judge oversees the judicial proceedings, entertains motions, decides and enforces the rules of the court and addresses the Jury.
What is a Bench Trial?
A trial made strictly in front of the judge and the judge makes the determination of guilt or innocence.
What is a Jury Trial?
A trial made in front of a jury and the jury makes the determination of guilt or innocence, not the judge.
What is a Jury?
A body of 6-12 people who are normally lay persons of the defendants peers.
What are the two types of witnesses?
Lay witness and Expert witness
What is a Lay witness?
A non-expert person called to testify in court about things they witnessed or heard in regards to the case being tried.
What is an Expert witness?
A person who has been deemed an expert in a certain area. An expert witness testifies to and interprets the facts of evidence.
What is the court process as it proceeds through a criminal trial?
Initial Appearance, Bail Hearing, Preliminary Hearing, Trial, Sentencing, Appeals Process
What happens in the Initial Appearance process?
The defendant makes his first appearance before the judge, hears the charges against him and enters a plea(guilty or not guilty)
What happens in the Bail Hearing process?
The judge examines the facts of the case and sets a bail amount. The judge can also decide to hold the defendant without bail or release the defendant without requiring bail.
What happens in the Preliminary Hearing process?
Prosecutors and defense attorneys enter evidence and examine witnesses, and a judge determines if there is sufficient evidence to hold a trial.
What happens in the Trial process?
The defendant hears the evidence against him, has the right to confront witnesses and has the right to be represented by an attorney. The prosecutor attempts to prove the case to the judge or the jury.
What happens in the Sentencing process?
The sentence for the convicted defendant is pronounced.
What happens in the Appeals process?
Once a decision is made by the judge or jury, the decision can be appealed by the appropriate court.
What is Case Law?
The law established by the interpretation of statutes by the court.
Sets with similar terms
10 Eco- The Court Hierarchy and the Magistrates' C…
Criminal Justice Ch. 9
AHA Chapter 6 Law for Health Professionals
Other sets by this creator
Intro to Defensive Tactics
Laws of Reasonable Force
Utah Criminal Code