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- Intro to Microbes 2021 -
Terms in this set (47)
colds sores are caused by
herpes simplex type 1
genital lesions or sores are caused by
herpes simplex type 2
herpes simplex is transmitted via
saliva and sexual transmission
Streptococcus pyogenes causes
strep throat (pharyngitis), Scarlet fever, Rheumatic fever, and necrotizing fasciitis ("flesh-eating bacteria"); skin infections (impetigo)
the transmission of strep throat is through
respiratory droplets, food, and contact
treatment for Streptococcus pyogenes
Scarlet fever causes
a red rash on your body
Neisseria meningitidis causes
the inflammations of the tissue covering the brain
symptoms of bacterial meningitis
headache, neck stiffness, numbness
Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes
What is the PPD test?
The way we test to see if you have TB
Do we use the TB vaccine in the USA as part of our general childhood vaccine schedule?
What organ is infected by Mycobacterium tuberculosis?
How is Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmitted?
What organ does Influenza virus attack?
What are the symptoms of the flu?
chills, fever, fatigue, headache, muscle ache, cough
Do we have a vaccine for the flu?
yes - a yearly vaccine is available
Bacterial pneumonia is cased by what organism?
What are the symptoms of Streptococcus pneumoniae?
high fever, sharp chest pains, difficulty breathing, rust colored sputum
Is there a vaccine for Streptococcus pneumoniae?
yes - it contains the capsules of many of the most common strain of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria in it
What organism causes peptic ulcers and gastritis?
How do you get Helicobacter pylori?
through ingestion of contaminated food & water
Is there a vaccine for Helicobacter pylori?
Is there a cure for Helicobacter pylori?
Yes - antibiotics
What does Rhinovirus cause?
the common cold
What are the symptoms of the common cold?
headache, chills, scratchy throat, runny nose,
Why can't we have a vaccine for the common cold?
There are too many types of these viruses.
How is the common cold transmitted?
respiratory droplets and direct contact
What disease does the Epstein-Barr virus cause?
What are the symptoms of of infectious mononucleosis?
swollen lymph nodes (infects B cells), sore throat, fever, enlarged spleen, high count of damaged monocytes
asymptomatic carriers for some months following recovery
How is Hepatitis A transmitted?
Fecal-oral route - usually through contaminated food.
What are the symptoms of Hepatitis A?
loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, low-grade fever, discomfort as liver enlarges, jaundice
Is there a vaccine for Hepatitis A?
yes there is a vaccine
What organ does hepatitis infect?
How is Hepatitis B transmitted?
across the placenta
Which hepatitis can lead to cirrhosis of the liver?
Us there a vaccine for Hepatitis B?
What organisms are responsible for viral gastroenteritis?
Rotavirus and Norwalk virus
What are the symptoms of viral gastroenteritis?
diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, low-grade fever, cramps, headache
What is the treatment for viral gastroenteritis?
HIV is transmitted by?
bodily fluids - sexual contact, blood, across the placental, during birth, breastfeeding
Is there a vaccine for HIV?
Not yet but we are close to one.
What is the bacteria that causes Lyme disease?
How do we get Lyme disease?
Are is Lyme disease treated?
What are the symptoms of Lyme disease?
stage 1 - 10 days after bite a red bulls-eye rash called erythema chronicum migrans can be seen in many cases but not all;
stage 2 - weeks later CNS and joint involvement
stage 3 - months - years later results in chronic arthritis
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