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Substance Disorders Blue Terms
Terms in this set (27)
Refers to the habitual use of a substance that falls outside of medical necessity or social acceptance and is used for the single purpose of altering ones mood, emotion, or state of consciousness
A chronic, relapsing brain disease characterized by compulsive drug-seeking behavior motivated by cravings, despite harmful consequences and by long-lasting changes in the brain
A support group designed for families living with an alcoholic.
A support group designed to provide help for teenagers living with an alcoholic.
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
Is the prototype for all of the 12-step programs that were subsequently developed for many types of addiction
Alternative-to-discipline (ADT) programs
Seems to be the answer for many impaired persons
Benefit of the program is that it allows managers to remove nurses from the work environment quickly, unlike traditional disciplinary procedures that can extend for months to years
Characterized by apathy, loss of achievement motivation, decreased in productivity, difficulty with learning and memory, impaired concentration, lack of personal hygiene and preoccupation with the drug
Occur when one drug is taken to weaken or inhibit the effect of another drug
Flooding the market and are easily available to anyone through the internet, health food store, and drug stores
Among other things they contain one or more synthetic chemicals related to cathinone
Blood alcohol level (BAL)
a urine and or blood toxicology screen or BAL test should be performed
the amount of alcohol in the blood, measured in grams per 100 milliliters
An amphetamine like stimulant as well as to MDMA
Ecstacy is a prototype of a class of substituted amphetamines that also includes MDA and MDE
ADHD, borderline personality disorder and anxiety disorders are common co-occurring psychiatric disorders
The coexistence of substance use or abuse along with one or ore other mental health disorders
Advertised as safe however they do contain nicotine and other health hazard chemicals
An increasing trend
helping an addict avoid the negative consequences of his or her behavior
Transitory recurrences of perceptual disturbances caused by a person's earlier hallucinogenic drug user, flashbacks occur during the person's drug-free state
Often flashbacks are mild and perhaps pleasant but at other times individuals experience repeated recurrences of frightening images and/or terrifying thoughts
Much like token therapy, positive reinforcement (such as privilages) are provided when a patient participates in counseling sessions, maintains a therapeutic drug regimen or remains drug-free
Provides strategies to evoke rapid and internally motivated change to stop drug use and facilitate treatment.
Help resolve ambivalence by asking evocative questions that elicit change in thinking and behavior
Guiding principles include these rucial components:
- emerges from hope, is person-driven, occurs through many pahtways, is holistic, is supported by peers and allies, is supported through relationships and social netowrks, is culturally based, is supported by addressing trauma, involves the individual, family and community, is based on respect
The goal is to help individuals identify their "trigger situations" so that periods of sobriety can be lengthened over time and lapses and relapses are not viewed as total failures
Self-management and Recovery training
A self help program
SMART is rooted in "cognitive behavioral therapy"
The program emphazisez the following four key points:
- enhancing and maintaining motivation to abstain, coping with urges, problem solving, lifestyle balance
Substance use disorder
Covers 10 classes of substances
DSM-5 defines substance use as "A problematic pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress as manifested by at least 2 of 11 items, occurring within a 12 month period."
When some drugs from the same class are taken together, the effect of either or both of the drugs is intensified or prolonged
the diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug's effect
This viscious cycle of taking increasing amounts of the drug to even feel "normal" begins the cycle
Should be done when pt comes in
Symptoms occur ager a long period of continued use and signifies a physical dependence
Occurs when "blood or tissue concentration of a substance declines in an individual who has maintained prolonged heavy use of the substance."
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Envoy e145 limitations jan 2019
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