75 terms

LOM Ch. 11 Abbreviations

Cardiovascular system
STUDY
PLAY
AAA
abdominal aortic aneurysm
ACE inhibitor
angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
ACLS
advance cardiac life support; CPR plus drugs and defibrillation
ACS
acute coronary syndrome
ADP
adensoine diphosphate; ADP blockers are used to prevent cardiovascular related death, heart attack, and stroked and after all stent procedures
AED
automatic external defibrillator
AF, a-fib
atrial fibrillation
AICD
automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator
AMI
acute myocardial infarction
ARVD
arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
AS
aortic stenosis
ASD
Arial setal defect
AV, A-V
atrioventricular
AVR
Aortic valve replacement
BBB
bundle branch block
BNP
brain natriuretic peptide; elevated in congestive heart failure
BP
blood pressure
CABG
coronary artery bypass grafting
CAD
coronary artery disease
CCU
coronary care unit
Cath
catheterization
CHF
congestive heart failure
CK
creatine kinase; released into the bloodstream after injury to heart or skeletal muscles
CoA
coarctation of the aorta
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRT
Cardiac resynchronization therapy; biventricular pacing
CTNI or cTnI; CTNT cTnT
-cardiac troponin-I
-cardiac troponin-T
CV
cadiovascular
DES
drug-eluting stent
DSA
digital subtraction angiography
DVT
deep vein thrombosis
ECMO
extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
ECG (EKG)
eletrocardiography
ECHO
echocardiography
EF
ejection fraction; measure of the amount of blood that pumps out of the heart with each beat
EPS
eletrophysiology study; electrode catheters are inserted into veins and threaded into the heart and electrical conduction is measured
ETT
exercise tolerance test
ETT-MIBI
exercise tolerance test combined with a radioactive tracer (sestamibi) scan
HDL
high-density lipoprotien; high blood levels are associated with lower incidence of coronary artery disease
HTN
Hypertension (high BP)
IABP
intra-aortic ballon pump; used to support patients in cardiogenic shock
ICD
Implantable cadioverter-defibrillator
LAD
left anterior descending (coronary artery)
LDL
low-density lipoprotein
LMWH
low-molecular-weight heparin
LV
left ventricular assist device
LVAD
left ventricular assist device
LVH
left ventricular hypertrophy
MI
myocardial infarction
MR
mitral regurgitation
MUGA
multiple-gated acquisition scan, a radioactice test of heart function
MVP
Mitral valve prolapse
NSR
normal sinus rhythm
NSTEMI
non-ST elevation myocardial infarction
PAC
peripheral atrial disease
PAD
peripheral arterial disease
PCI
percutaneous coronary intervention
PDA
patent ductus arteriosus; posterior descending artery
PVC
premature ventricular contraction
SA, S-A node
sinoatrial node
SCD
sudden cardiac death
SOB
Shortness of breath
SPECT
single photon emission computed tomography; used for myocardial imagining with sestamibi scans
SSCP
substernal chest pain
STEMI
ST elevation myocardial infarction
SVT
supraventricular tachycardia; rapid heartbeats arising from the atria and causing palpitations, SOB and dizziness
Tc
technetium
TEE
transesophageal echocardiography
TGA
transposition of the great arteries
tPA
tissue-type plasminogen activator; a drug used to prevent thrombosis
UA
unstable angina; chest pain at rest or of increasing frequency
VF
ventricular fibrillation
VSD
ventricular septal defect
VT
ventricular tachycardia
WPW
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome; an abnormal ECG often associated with paroxysmal tachycardia