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26 terms

Diseases and Disorders of the Urinary System

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cystitis
Inflammation of the urinary bladder often caused by bacterial infection that travels up to the urethra
cystocelle
herniation of the urinary bladder.In femals the protrusion pushes to the adjacent vagina
cystolith
A stone or calkulos in the urinary bladder.If it's to large to pass through the urethra medical intervention is needed.
enuresis
An involuntary release of urine which usually occurs due to a lack of bladder control.
epispadias
A congenital defect resulting in the abnormal positioning of the urinary meatus
glomerulonephritis
An inflammation of the glomeruli,usually caused by bacterial infection
hydronephrosis
Fluid blockage that caused the urine to back up and cause distension of the renal pelvis.
hypospadias
Change location of the urinary meatus.In males it opens on the underside of the penis,by females the meatus is within the vagina
incontinence
inability to control urination.In stress incontinence an involuntary discharge of urine occurse during a cough,sneeze,or strain movement
nephritis
inflammation of the kedney which can lead to glomerulonephritis
nephroblastoma
Wilm's tumor originating from kidney tissue that includes developing embrionic cells.
nephrolithiasis
the presence of one or more stones within a kidney
nephroma
general term for a tumor arising from kidney tissue
nephromegaly
an abnormal enlargement of one or both kidneys
nephroptosis
the condition of "downward" displacement of a kidney.It occurs when the kidney is no longer held in its proper position(against the posterior abdominal wall)
polycystic
a kidney condition characterised by numeros cysts(fluid) occupying much of the kidney tissue.The cysts replace the kidney tissue,resulting in loss of funktion
pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvic
pyelonephritis
inflammatory condition of the renal pelvic and nephrons
strictures
this is an abnormal narrowing.
uremia
an excess of urea and other nitrogenous wastes are present in the blood.It is caused by failure of the kidneys to remove the urea.
ureteritis
inflammation of the ureters(the tubes that transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder)
ureterocelle
herniated ureter
ureterolithiasis
the presence of one or more stones or calkuli in the ureter.
urinary retention
the abnormal accumulation of urine within a urinary bladder.The condition results from the unability to void
urinary suppression
An acute stoppage of urine formation by the kidneys.The condition is consequence of acute renal failure
urinary tract infection
infection of the ureter and the urinary bladder.Some of the symptoms are fever,dysuria,lumbal and abdomonal pain.More common by females,caused by staphylococci or E colli bacteria.