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48 terms

World 9th Ch. 20 Study Guide

STUDY
PLAY
superpower
country with both military powers and political influence
Truman Doctrine
U.S. promise of anticommunism support
Marshall Plan
U.S. effort to rebuild war-torn Europe
Berlin Air Lift
tactic used to overcome a Soviet blockade
Warsaw Pact
military alliance of Soviet allies
de-Stalinization
Khrushchev's policy of undoing his predecessor's more ruthless policies
heavy industry
the manufacture of machines and equipment for factories and mines
Sputnik
first space satellite
Tito
Yugoslav leader who resisted Stalin's control
Czechoslovakian reform leader and party secretary
Dubcek
welfare state
nation in which the government provides services and a minimum living standard to all
real wages
the actual purchasing power of income
chancellor
title of German head of state
bloc
group of nations with a common purpose
segregation
separation, for example, by race
Four
In post war Germany, how many zones was Berlin divided into?
Containment
What policy did the U.S. adopt to stop the spread of communism?
They could not afford foreign aid
Why did the Soviet Union's council for Mutual Economic Assistance fail?
hold free elections to determine their futures
What did the United States and Great Britain believe that the liberated nations of Eastern Europe should do?
as a result to the 1946 withdrawal of British aid to Greece
Why was The Truman Doctrine formulated, initially?
that it would not allow Eastern European satellites to become independent of control
After Stalin's death in 1953, what did the Soviet Union make clear to the world?
he attacked Budapest
How did Khrushchev react in response to Nagy's declaration of Hungarian indepence?
he resigned
In Czechoslovakia in 1967, what did a protest campaign led by writers force the Communist leader to do?
the Soviet army invaded Czechoslovakia
What caused the "Prague Spring" of Alexander Dubcek to "forestall", or stop/slowed down in 1968?
"socialism with a human face"
What did Dubcek say he wanted to create?
American economic domination
What did Canada's postwar growth, financed by U.S. investment, lead to Canadian fears of?
feminism
In the late 1960s, what did the writings of reformers like de Beauvoir create renewed interest in?
The Vietnam War, university policies and administrations, and alienation of the individual from society
What things did students react against by protesting in the late 1960s?
baby boom
What did the postwar birthrates rising in the late 1940s and 1950s create?
consumer society
What did increases in workers' wages, increased credit, and built-up demand for postwar goods lead to the creation of?
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Author of The Second Sex.
Simone de Beauvoir
Auther of A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich.
John F. Kennedy
U.S. president involved in the Cuban missle crisis
Joseph Stalin
Soviet leader who promoted the growth of heavy industry over consumer goods after Worl War II.
Fidel Castro
Communist leader of Cuba during the Cuban missle crisis.
Charles de Gaulle
First president of France's Fifth Republic.
Richard Nixon
U.S. president who resumed relations with China after the VIetnam War.
Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet Leader who built the Berlin Wall.
Konrad Adenauer
West German leader responsible for the "economic miracle"
Civil War in Greece in 1946
Contributed to tensions between the Soviet Union and Great Britain.
China
U.S. fears about the spread of communism were increased when this nation became a Communist nation in 1949?
Spain
This country was not an original member of NATO.
Poland
This country was a member of the Warsaw Pact.
Sputnik I
When the soviet Union launched this satellite in 1957, many Americans feared that the Soviet Union was ahead of the U.S. in the production of missies.
The " Bay of Pigs"
Te U.S.'s attempt to overthrow the Cuban government.
Alexander Dubcek
Communist leader who initiated the " Prague Spring:".
Joseph McCarthy.
Te U.S. senator responsilbel for the anti-communist movement known as the "Red Scare".
Kent State University
Thesite where four students in the 1970s were killed by the Ohio National Guard during an antiwar demonstration.