Test 1: Chapters 1-4
Terms in this set (57)
piano player; known primarily as the main composer of ragtime
urban blues singer
Ma Raney (sp?)
urban blues singer
music publisher/composer; solidified the 12 - bar blues through his publishing
guitar player and singer; rural blues artist (in contrast with Bessie Smith and Ma Raney)
a more sophisticated form and tended to be a band fronted by a female singer
a single individual (usually a man) singing and playing guitar
The Original Dixieland Jazz Band (ODJB)
known primarily for being the first jazz band to make a jazz record (1917).
New Orleans Rhythm Kings (NORK)
another early jazz band like ODJB.
King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band
King Oliver was a trumpet player and was one of the band leaders that provided Louis Armstrong with experience. Louis Armstrong went to be a part of the Creole Jazz Band.
trumpet player; had the first Dixieland jazz band according to jellyroll Morton
played clarinet and soprano sax; highly respected by European classical musicians
Baby Dobbs (sp?)
invented the drumset
piano player; she played with King Oliver's band and one of Louis Armstrong's wives
piano player and is considered to be the finest composer/arranger from the early Dixieland jazz days.
played trumpet; tended to play high notes, covered a wide range, loud and exuberant, scat singer, terminal vibrato at the end of his notes, used a lot of blue notes, very heavy swing (pg. 90).
played trumpet; the opposite in style compared to Louis Armstrong (pg. 101)
piano player; worked a lot with Armstrong
James P. Johnson
often referred to as the father of Stride Piano
pioneer in the big bands; one of the first to start the idea of a bigger band; Louis Armstrong went to New York for the first time to join Henderson's band
piano player as well as a band leader/composer/arranger/pioneer in the big bands; atypical use of bowed string bass (pg. 123)
piano player (pg. 113)
blind; plays fast and complex piano (pg. 114)
Quintet to Hot Club de France
led by guitarist Djengo Reinhardt and Stephane Grappelli
piano player; more of a classical musician, not jazz; sounded like jazz but with no improv, it was all written out
band leader in NY. Gershwin played the world premier of "Rapsody in Blue" with Whiteman's orchestra.
AABA Song Form
Presents the melody in four sections labeled A, A, B, and A, each section eight bars long, for a total of 32 bars
ABAC Song Form
A musical form in which each section is usually eight bars. Musicians often speak of the "first half" of the tune (AB) and the "second half" (AC)
The person who plans the form of a band's performance and often notates the parts for the different instruments.
A bent, slurred, or "worried" note. Most often occurs on the third of the scale, but any note can be made "blue" by varying its intonation in a blues or jazz performance.
An African American folk music that appeared around 1900 and exerted influence on jazz and various forms of US popular music
A form of blues piano playing in which the performer maintains a driving eighth-note rhythm in the left hand while improvising blues fingers in the right hand.
A separate line that runs in counterpoint to the main melody. It's a second melody that accompanies the main melody. It is generally heard on the trombone or in a lower voice, has fewer notes, and is improvised.
The lead (melody) instruments in a jazz ensemble, usually melodic (playing one note at a time) and often featured at the front of the stage. Usually includes trumpet, trombone, and clarinet.
A musical plan and form worked up verbally by the players in rehearsal or on the bandstand.
A form of US musical theater and variety show that flourished in the 19th century. Traveling troupes performed songs, dances, and skits based on caricatures of African Americans. Performed by both blacks and whites in blackface, minstrelsy is often considered the first distinctively US musical genre.
An African American musical genre that flourished from the late 1890s through the mid-1910s and is based on constant syncopation in the right hand often accompanied by a steady march bass in the left hand.
A part of a jazz band that provides the rhythmic pulse, harmonies, and bass line. It may include any of the following: piano, guitar, bass, or drums.
A rhythms dance performed in a circle, originally derived from African religious practice. Worshippers moved in a counterclockwise direction while singing spirituals and accompanying themselves by clapping and and stamping.
A jazz vocal style in which the soloist improvises using made up or "nonsense" syllables
In the 1920s someone who performed a song, usually at a music store, to encourage people to buy the sheet music.
A type of New Orleans-style jazz created by Chicago musicians in the 1920s.
A popular term for the jazz style that originated in New Orleans and flourished in the late 1910s and 1920s. This type of jazz band often had a front line accompanied by a rhythm section.
Jazz bands that featured fast tempos and dramatic solo and group performances, usually with more improvisation than sweet bands had
A Prohibition-era nightclub in which liquor was sold illegally.
Bands tha played relatively less syncopated, slower pieces, such as ballads and popular songs.
A common term for a jazz band arrangement.
A school of jazz piano performance based on a moving left-hand accompaniment alternating bass notes and chords with an appropriate right-hand figuration pulling or tugging at the left hand.
A large jazz ensemble typically including three to four trumpets, three to four trombones, four to five reeds (saxophones and doublings), and rhythm (typically piano, guitar, bass, and drums)
A period - roughly 1921-1929 - of outstanding artistic activity among African Americans. The movement was centered in Harlem in New York City.
An informal gathering in the late 1920s, held to help raise money to pay the rent or buy groceries. At such parties musicians would often gather and perform, sometimes in competition with one another.
A group of related instruments in a big band OR a contained set of measures in a work that divides further into phrases.
Tin Pan Alley
The collective name applied to the major New York City sheet music publishers. It flourished from the late 1800s until the mid-twentieth century
An arrangement created and sold by a publishing company to bandleaders. Bands played stock arrangements to keep up with the latest hit songs.