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Intro to World Cinema OSU
Terms in this set (58)
First image projector developed in the 17th century
A device that produces the illusion of motion by displaying a sequence of drawings or photographs showing progressive phases of that motion. A cylinder that has slits for pictures in it, when the cylinder spins it looks like motion even though it is just images
more successful than the Zoetrope, but very similar concept with the cylinder concept.
Created by Muybridge, this device projected images from rotating glass disks in rapid succession to give the impression of motion.
Could take up to 12 "moving pictures" to make it look like a motion film, though it was just pictures
First one was owned by the Holland brothers in New York City
was made for films to viewed by one individual at a time through a peephole. Still an illusion of movement but only a strip of pictures
The camera-projector-printer invented by the Lumiere brothers in 1895
Crosscutting & Intercutting
juxtaposing (putting things close together) shots from 2 or more sequences, actions or stories to suggest parallel action (D.W Griffith in Intolerable)
editing that maintains consistent directional movement between connected spaces from one shot to the next
Latin for "in the midst of things"
Three Structure Act
The opening (exposition)
The development (Conflict/Climax)
The closing (resolution and denouement)
Continuity System of Editing
Editing shots together un-noticeabley so that the actions of a sequence appears to be continuous.
A shot that orients the audience in a film narrative by providing physical formation (location) for scenes that follow.
an exposed unedited piece of film any length: basic signifying unit to film structure. Two or more shots edited together (typically 2 different angles on on characters having a conversation) all in one framing.
a cut that includes the first shot showing a person looking one way and the second shot shows a nearby sight that they see.
returning to a view from a series of closer shots after the establishing shot
Method of filming that ensures continuity in spatial relationships between objects on-screen. The camera must stay on one side of the imaginary 180 degree line.
Subgenres of Comedy
Romantic, Slapstick, Comedy of Manners
Keystone Film Company
fast-paced, violent but playful, a clown/jokster figure a constant sight that motivated the action and comedic occurrences (The keystone cops)
Started in the "Roster of Talent" at the Keystone Film Company but later moved to 4 different companies ending at United Artists in 1923-1952
a Film company including Charlie Chaplin, D.W. Griffith, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks
Several impressive stunts in a row to cause-an-effect that usually ends the film.
UFA (Universum Film Aktiengesellschaft)
established in 1917, was a team of a countries top producers, writers, directors, and technicians. (almost all of Germany's films were produced like this in 1918)
expresses the emotions and responses to ones environment & the interactions and experiences with the environment
Aesthetic Characteristics of Expressionism
distorted images or exaggerated images of people/environment. Unrealistic coloration or contrast in a picture. Sagging or leaning landscapes.
Themes & Motifs of Expressionism
to show fear, horror, instability emotionally. & Frentic frustration, anxiety, disgust, discontent, madness.
German Expressionists Visual Styles
emphasis on the shot, stylized surfaces, symmetry vs distortion, exaggeration & repetition & comparing of similar shapes.
German Expressionists Narratives
often set in past or exotic places, often involves horror or fantasy, and frame story.
theater term: Putting in the scene. (all elements in front of camera to be recorded)
Soviet narrative Cinema (The rise of film industry)
Lenin Nationalizes it, Moscow film school, Lenin states that all arts in the cinema are the most important, The kuleshov effect, emergence of montage film movement, Joseph Stalin takes power and the soviet film industry falls.
The Kuleshov Effect
A shot requires other meaning when in a certain placement of other shots.
was a soviet attitude and style. a new visual pattern that combined utilitarianism and aesthetic inventiveness.
Montage Filmmaking (Soviet)
historical reconstructions. social problems (poverty economic inequality, class struggles, political construction), uprisings, strikes, clashes.
refers to body image and expressions for an actor or actress based on what class structure they are trying to portray.
attempts to convey abstract ideas by visually rendering a sequence or series of shots
Types of Diegesis
refers to actions or events that occur within a story world
Narratives, superimpositions, filters (masks), curving mirrors, intentionally out of focused shots, slow motion, rhythmic montage (flickr shots)
Major french impression film producer
The individual: the imaginative, personal, emotional, visionary, and experience
individual emotional experience through symbolic aesthetics. goal: emotional responses that a work of art can generate.
referring to cultures and practices not necessarily just of where actually filmed and financed. Hollywood was thought of as too powerful for one nation.
a film that is produced/financed in at least two or more countries.
Silent film producer (The Ring) Boxing
Carl Theodor Dreyer
Silent flim producer (Joan of Arc) Religious
Made a bet with Leeland Stanford about whether or not horses are fully in the air at one point when they gallop. He set up cameras on the side of the race tracks, each one would take a picture. He put these images on multiple glass plates and then won the bet.
Edwin S. Porter
Director of "The Great Train Robbery" (1902). He realized there was a problem with leaving the camera in one place and having the actors run around in front of it. He experimented with double exposure photography.
Starting of the Key Stone Cops (1909). In the area of comedic actors. He found Charlie Chaplin.
German director, primary director during the German expressionist movement. Director of "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari."
Invented the kinetoscope
E. Jules Marey
Studied the flight of birds and other rapid animal movements by means of a photographic gun. Shaped like a rifle, it exposed 12 images around the edge of a circular glass plate that made a single revolution in one second. He built a box type camera that used an intermittent mechanism to expose a series of photographs on a strip of paper film of up to 120 frames per second. He was the first to combine flexible film stock and an intermittent mechanism in photographic movement.
Key Stone Cops
Comedic actors - silly cops
Consisted of Charlie Chaplin, Fatty Arbuckle, Ben Turpin, and Harry Langdon.
A Trip to the Moon
Invented kinetoscope in Europe
The Lonely Villa by DW Griffith
Contiguity editing and cross
Use of abstract geometric elements, sharp and bold lines, use of various planes
Crosscutting or Intercutting
Editing that alternates shots of two or more lines of action occurring in different places, usually simultaneously
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