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UP 121 Quizzes Wk 1-5
Terms in this set (33)
Are cities in decline as a result of communication technologies?
Do more diverse cities fare better or worse during economic downturn?
According to the Glaeser piece, workers who live in metropolitan areas earn what percentage more than those who live outside metropolitan areas?
What are some disadvantages of urban areas? Mark all that apply
High housing costs
Higher crime rates
What are two benefits of large urban areas? (Mark two)
Please select the correct examples for each type of good
Private good- Shoes
Common Good- Forests
Public Good- Public Safety
Club-goods- Cable TV
Public goods are
Non-excludable and non-rivalrous
Common goods are
Non-excludable and rivalrous
"Individuals cannot be excluded from use or could benefit from without paying for it" is the definition of
Which one is not a traditional way of avoiding the tragedy of the commons?
Independence from the commons
What is the main objective of zoning?
To assure that neighboring land uses are compatible
Zoning is a legal mechanism
Are high home prices widespread in the US?
No, only in certain regions
In the Glaeser + Gyourko reading, what is the "zoning tax"
The added cost of government regulation (zoning) on the cost of constructing homes
What are the common opinions opponents express about the ban of single-family zoning?
That their land values will go down
About what percentage of residential land in the US is single-family zoned?
What was the goal of Senate Bill 50?
To allow more density around transit and job centers
What is the only city without zoning in the US?
What is one of the consequences of the introduction of the streetcar / trolley?
Streetcars increased the value of land away from city centers
When does the freeway era start?
In the middle of the past century, right after the World War
What does the interviewee mean when he states that "freeways connected the metropolis, but divided the city"?
He is referring to the negative consequences that the construction of the freeway brought to the local communities
Why were cities so dense two centuries ago?
Because people needed to locate in close proximity due to lack of transportation
Improvements in transportation facilitated the expansion of urban areas
Transit Oriented Development is a new concept
Which one is not a strategy to attract development around stations?
Increase the amount of parking
The presence of contaminated sites and incompatible land uses was one of the causes for the perceived failure of the:
Among the goals of Transit Oriented Development is to increase transit ridership, reduce car dependence, increase density and mitigate sprawl
What metropolitan area concentrates the majority of transit riders in the US?
A densely populated urban core, the location of most jobs in downtown or CBD, and a decline in land values as you move away from downtown, are characteristics of a
Sprawl is a pattern of land use in an urbanized area that exhibits low levels of: (mark all that are true)
The streetcar was a tool for decentralization, because it allowed people to move from downtown hyper dense housing to the more spread out suburbs
What is the formula to calculate urban density:
Population / Urban area
According to Bogart the changing Metropolitan structure of US cities in the last 150 years can be summarized in two processes:
decentralization and specialization
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