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Politics of the United States
PS 40 Quiz 4 (ch9)
Terms in this set (13)
The doctrine of judicial review
holds that the Supreme Court possesses the authority to rule acts of Congress unconstitutional.
The Supreme Court opinion in Dred Scott v. Sandford asserted which of the following?
African Americans were not citizens under the Constitution and Congress could not outlaw slavery in the new territories.
Regulating railroads and monopolies along with providing services to citizens are examples of what kinds of cases that the Supreme Court faced during its second era of judicial review?
Government regulation of the economy
Evidence of the Supreme Court's historical sympathy for protecting property rights can be seen in its interpretation of the language of the Fourteenth Amendment, which defined corporations as persons to invoke which of the following?
The due process clause
What was the real purpose of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's court-packing plan?
The opportunity to appoint as many as six new justices that would give the Court a majority of justices sympathetic to his New Deal programs
When the Supreme Court issues rulings on whether an agency has conformed substantively and procedurally to the law's guidelines, it is an example of what kind of authority?
Engaging in statutory interpretation
Are lower-level courts designed to handle litigation that exercise the same power of judicial review as the Supreme Court.
What was the effect of the Supreme Court's decision upholding the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act?
It made neither side completely happy, but enhanced the credibility of the Court over the long term.
Which of the following are the three layers of organization of the federal judiciary?
The district courts, the circuit courts of appeal, and the Supreme Court
For the 8,000 or so certiorari requests it receives each year, the Supreme Court's rule to determine whether any given case is heard is
four of the nine justices must favor hearing the case.
What is one of the advantages of stare decisis for judicial decision making?
It frees the Court to monitor closely those decisions that fail to follow precedent or are otherwise unresolved.
Only litigants who are directly or adversely affected by a disputed action have the right, otherwise known as _____, to bring the case to court.
Which of the following statements about opinion writing at the Supreme Court is true?
Once the majority opinion is drafted, it often undergoes prolonged internal bargaining as the writer tries to persuade the other justices that the legal arguments are correct.
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