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Last Minute/Late Night Review
Terms in this set (46)
Ground glass appearing bone tumor; located in the distal anterior diaphysis of the cortex
located in the epiphysis of long tubular bones, when found in the foot, it is usually int eh talus or calcaneus; usually is a well-defined round or oval osteolytic lesion. Sclerotic borders with stippled calcifications
Well cicrumscribed bone tumor eccentricaly located that is multiloculated, subcortical with scalloped margins
Fallen fragment sign is pathognomic for this
unicameral bone cyst
Soap bubble appearing bone tumor
Aneurysmal bone cyst
what is the ASA classification for a diabetic patient that has well controlled blood sugar
with noncontrolled diabetic and COPD would be under which ASA classification?
What is the first stage of anesthesia
amnesia and analgesia
what is the second stage of anesthesia
what is the third stage of anethesia
When does a patient require artificial ventilation under surgical anesthesia?
Stage 3 plane 4
This plane of surgical anesthesia is described as partial intercostal paralysis, tachycardia, hypotension, hypotonia
Under which plane of surgical anesthesia is the patient considered sleeping and there is a faint lip reflex
What is the first sign of malignant hyperthemia
What is the mallampati classification for the soft palate when you can visualize the soft palate and the base of the uvula
Most potent, lowest MAC inhaled anesthetic. rapid smooth induction and recovery. Pleasant smell.
what is the biggest disadvantage to halothane
myocardial depression; may trigger malignant hyperthemia
What does isoflurane cause?
the depression of the cardiovascular system
What does anesthesia cause in diabetic patients
it masks hypoglycemia
Where is spinal anesthesia infiltrated?
Where are the amide local anesthetics metabolized?
in the liver
What are the three phases of wound healing/
In chronic osteomyelitis this is a pus-filled space where the sequestrum resides
Thickened periosteum surrounding dead bone associated with chronic osteomyelitis
A form of subacute osteomyelitis without involucrum and usually with no sequestrum.
A skin finding in which the top layer of skin slips away from the lower layer when slightly rubbed. An epidermal detachment produced by lack of skin cohesion.
Dermatitis resulting from a hereditary predisposition to a lowered cutaneous threshold to pruritus
Pruritic dermatitis occuring in the form of coin-shaped plaques composed of grouped small papules/vesicles on an erythematous base.
A special vesicular type of hand and foot eczema associated with pruritus. There is a predilection for the sides of fingers, palms and soles of the feet. Presents as small vesicles deep seated (appearing like tapioca) in clusters, occasionally bullae
Dyshidrotic eczematous dermatitis
Flat, topped, violaceous, shiny polygonal shaped papules meausring 2 to 4 mm in diameter with a network of fine white lines (Wickham striae)
Most common type of skin cancer
basal cell carcinoma
superficial variant of squamouse cell carcinoma that resembles a localized patch of psoriasis, dermatitis or tinea
Whats the most common type of melanoma?
diameter > than this number would suggest a higher chance of a nevi being melanoma
A diffuse velvety thickening and hyperpigmentation of the skin that may precede other symptoms of malignancy by 5 years. Underlying endocrine disorder and malignancies must be ruled out
A heloma molle forms usually between the...
head of the proximal phalanx of the fifth digit and the base of the proximal phalanx of the 4th digit
Observational study design, subjects are selected based on an outcome and their prior exposures are assessed and compared to subjects who do not have this particular outcome
case control trial
used to assess disease status and risk factors at 1 point in time
cross sectional study
Randomized controlled trial
refers to a study in which a group is given a treatment
Patients are initially identified by risk factors and the outcomes are then assessed. A ________ study can be prospective or retrospective
Replaces the posterior wedge of the heel with a compressible foam rubber in order to simulate plantarflexion at contact phase of gait
Flares the medial aspect of the standard heel
type of statistic test used to compare the means of samples are are correlated
paired t test
type of statistical test used to compare the mean of a single group to a particular value
one sample t test
type of statistical test used to analyze the noncontinuous data, unlike a t-test does not compare means
most important test to analyse continuous data from two separate sampels with normal distributions
two sample t test
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