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PSY 336 Final
Terms in this set (55)
According to Wulff,
According to Wulff, these are dreams that take place in pregnant women
According to Wulff, this is the branch of knowledge that deals with interpretation, especially of the Bible or literary texts
According to Wulff, these marks resemble the wounds of the crucified body of Christ and are said to be supernaturally impressed on the bodies of the certain persons or nuns, tertiaries, and monastics (the manner of nuns life's and characteristics)
According to Wulff,
According to Wulff, this is the attribution of human characteristics or behavior to a god, animal, or object
According to Wulff, this is the brain's ability to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections throughout life.
_________ allows the neurons (nerve cells) in the brain to compensate for injury and disease and to adjust their activities in response to new situations or to changes in their environment.
According to Wulff, the phenomenon of (apparently) speaking in an unknown language, especially in religious worship. It is practiced especially by Pentecostal and charismatic Christians
According to Wulff, the science of phenomena as distinct from that of the nature of being.
- an approach that concentrates on the study of consciousness and the objects of direct experience.
Wulff using this term by saying things are unspeakable or having indescribable experiences
According to Wulff, the directional growth of a plant in response to sunlight.
According to Wulff, is a set of attitudes and practices in medicine in which a physician determines that a patient's wishes or choices should not be honored
According to Wulff, a late-20th-century style and concept in the arts, architecture, and criticism that represents a departure from modernism and has at its heart a general distrust of grand theories and ideologies as well as a problematical relationship with any notion of "art.".
existence or experience beyond the normal or physical level.
According to Wulff,
The position on the mind-body problem which holds that physical and biochemical events within the human body are causal with respect to mental events
A neurologist and psychiatrist
Founder of logotherapy
Leans heavily on existentialism and was influenced by Alfred Alder
What is the practice of working with a patient to determine their own life's purpose, as well as secure spiritual meaning and self
It is achieved through empathetic listening by the therapist and as well as insight and advice offered to the patient so that they themselves can assert meaning within their own lives.
How does logotherapy work?
This form of therapy not only helped with those suffering from mental illness and
neurosis, but also assists individuals encountering tensions, within their own lives
The Tragic Triad
Consists of those aspects of human existence which may be
(1) pain; (2) guilt; and (3) death
Who thought of the Tragic Triad as:
Life can have meaning even in the worst conditions
(Using guilt to change for the better
Impermanence= incentive to take action)
EV eventuates in a will to power, will to money or sexual compensation
The EV is the consequence of a twofold loss that humanity has undergone
-Loss of animal instincts
-Loss of traditions
How can you describe Frankl's idea on the existential vacuum?
Existential dynamics in a polar field of tension where one pole is represented by meaning that is to be fulfilled, and the other is represented by the man who has to fulfill that meaning
"Mental Health is based on a certain degree of tension, the tension between what one has already achieved and what still ought to accomplish, or the gap between what one is and what one should become."
According to Frankl, Tension is inherent in human beings... How does this affect mental health?
1) Painter vs Ophthalmologist is the essence of logotherapy
-True meaning of life is to be discovered in the world rather than within man
2) We can discover meaning in life in three different ways:
-By creating a work or doing a deed
-By experiencing something or encountering someone
--By experiencing goodness, truth, beauty, nature, or culture
--By loving another human, seeing the potential in another and allowing them to actualize these potentials through your belief in them
-By the attitude we take toward unavoidable suffering
--Transforming a personal tragedy into a triumph
--Suffering is no longer suffering once it finds a meaning such as sacrifice
--Don't seek suffering however, meaning can arise from unavoidable
What were Frankl's 3 Ways to the Meaning of Life
Who believed that charitable and kind behavior is the best indication of genuine religiosity
Darley and Batson
Good Samaritan Experiment
Who decided to test Jonathan Edwards belief that good behavior is a good indication of genuine religiosity? How?
1) The urgency they were sent to the other building
2) The topic of the talk they were assigned to give (either
something unrelated or a talk on the Good Samaritan)
3) The type of religiosity of the participant.
In the Good Samaritan Experiment the degree of helpfulness was related to:
The urgency of the participants to give their talk proved to be the
most influential variable.
In the Good Samaritan Experiment, what was the most influential variable to test and see if the priests had genuine religiosity?
T or F:
In the Good Samaritan Experiment, those who viewed their religiosity as a type of quest for meaning also
were less likely to help
T or F:
In the second experiment done by Batson, with the 60 female psychology students, the results concluded: people with greater intrinsic religion were again determined to have a greater propensity to be helpful
Studies have supported the idea that persons with strong intrinsic religiosity were more concerned with rewards for ____1____ than ____2____ concern for the victim.
the Good Samaritan test
The most conspicuous forms of religiosity are not
necessarily the most genuine, as the original story of
_____ ________ __________ shows
Who conducted the Good Friday Service Experiment?
In order to observe the possible similarities between a psychedelic experience using psilocybin and a mystical/religious experience
What did the Good Friday Experiment do/suggest?
2. Transcendence of time and space
3. Deeply felt positive mood
4. Sense of sacredness
5. A conviction of objectivity and reality
6. A quality of paradoxicality
7. Alleged ineffability
9. Having persisting positive changes in attitude and behavio
What are the 9 Qualities of Mystical/Religious Experiences presented by Walter Pahnke?
lack moral emotions which is dangerous
Psychopaths have reason no to feel and have the ability to...
Ring of Gyges
a just man with a bad reputation happier than an unjust man who appears to be good
visibility and invulnerability. Would you behave
________ ________ research shows
that people make errors
Strong accountability can
increase exploratory thought
thought which considers matters from
different points of view.
one sided attempt to rationalize a
Phil Tetlock ??
Who thinks that in SELF-ESTEEM AND
-Our moral thinking is more like a
politician searching for votes than
a scientist searching for truth?
is more of a sociological gauge of
how well we think others perceive
-This 'sociometer' is part of the
-The rider becomes a press-
Who believed that people often vote against their self
interests in favor of group benefit.
interpreting evidence in a way which
justifies what one already believes. (P
the ability to deny knowledge of
wrongdoing due to lack of evidence. When people have it they are three times less honest than without it
Intelligence does not predict how
objective people will be, but how many reasons for their
intuitions they can come up with.
What did David Perkins determine?
the idea that reasoning is our most noble
attribute, and reasoning about ethical issues causes good behavior
What is better supported by research: the rationalist delusion or intuitionist model?
to help us persuade others and support our views
Why does reason exist to Haidt?
According to Haidt, "______ comes first, _______ reasoning comes second"
Who believes that the worship of reason is a delusion and has no basis in reality
According to Haidt ____ is crucial for ethical behavior
We are deeply concerned with what others think of us... which makes behave indifferent and not true to ourselves
According to Haidt how do we behave groupishly?
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