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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Mohs hardness scale
  2. cementation
  3. extrusive
  4. cleavage
  5. fracture
  1. a the type of igneous rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies on the Earth's surface
  2. b the tendency of a mineral to break along curved or irregular surfaces
  3. c scale ranking 10 minerals from softest to hardest; used in testing the hardness of minerals
  4. d the process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together into one mass
  5. e the tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the destructive process in which water or wind loosen and carry away fragments of rocks
  2. the hot liquid that forms when rock partially or completely melts, located inside the Earth
  3. rock that forms when sediments are compacted and cemented together
  4. not formed from living things or the remains of living things
  5. Sedimentary rock that forms from remains of organisms deposited in thick layers

5 True/False questions

  1. crystalany naturally preserved evidence of life


  2. depositionthe process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind that is carrying it


  3. sedimentsmall solid pieces of material that come from rocks or organisms


  4. igneous rockrock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava


  5. lusterthe texture of metamorphic rock in which the mineral grains are aligned like the pages of a book