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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. luster
  2. rock
  3. igneous rock
  4. mineral
  5. fracture
  1. a a naturally formed, inorganic solid with a crystal structure and a definite chemical composition
  2. b a solid mixture of crystals of one or more minerals or other materials
  3. c the way the surface of a mineral reflects light
  4. d rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava
  5. e the tendency of a mineral to break along curved or irregular surfaces

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the color of a mineral in powdered form
  2. texture of metamorphic rock in which mineral grains show no alignment
  3. scale ranking 10 minerals from softest to hardest; used in testing the hardness of minerals
  4. the sizes, shapes, and positions of the grains that a rock is made of
  5. a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that repeats again and again

5 True/False questions

  1. intrusivethe type of igneous rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies on the Earth's surface


  2. compactionthe process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together into one mass


  3. cleavagethe tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces


  4. fossilany naturally preserved evidence of life


  5. depositionthe process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind that is carrying it