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Terms in this set (19)
The biological transition to adulthood, in which hormones cause the body to physically mature and permit sexual reproduction.
The primary male sex hormone responsible for development and regulation of the male reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics.
The primary female sex hormone responsible for development and regulation of the female reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics.
Adolescent Growth Spurt
The first outward sign of puberty, refers to a rapid gain in height and weight that generally begins in girls at about age 10 and in boys about age 12.
Secondary Sex Characteristics
Physical traits that indicate sexual maturity but are not directly related to fertility, such as breast development and the growth of body hair.
Primary Sex Characteristics
The reproductive organs; in females, this includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina, and in males, this includes the penis, testes, scrotum, seminal vesicles, and prostate gland.
A girl's first menstrual period.
A boy's first ejaculation of sperm.
The change from one generation to the next in an aspect of development, such as body size or in the timing of puberty.
Delayed Phase Preference
Change in pubertal hormone levels causes adolescents' sleep patterns to shift such that they tend to remain awake late at night and are groggy early in the morning.
A model of the brain consisting of two systems, one emotional and the other rational, that develop on different timeframes, accounting for typical adolescent behavior.
A collection of brain structures responsible for emotion.
Formal Operational Reasoning
Piaget's fourth stage of cognitive development, characterized by abstract, logical, and systematic thinking.
The ability to consider propositions and probabilities, generate and systematically test hypotheses, and draw conclusions.
A characteristic of adolescents' thinking in which they have difficulty separating others' perspectives from their own; composed of the imaginary audience and personal fable.
A manifestation of adolescent egocentrism in which they assume that they are the focus of others' attention.
A manifestation of adolescent egocentrism in which adolescents believe their thoughts, feelings, and experiences are more special and unique than anyone else's, as well as the sense that they are invulnerable.
Gilligan's feminine mode of moral reasoning, characterized by a desire to maintain relationships and a responsibility to avoid hurting others.
A male mode of moral reasoning proposed by Gilligan that emphasizes the abstract principles of fairness and individualism.
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