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26 terms

AP Psych Myers Glossary Page 8

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Heuristic
a useful, but unprovable, cognitive shortcut, such as a "rule of thumb"
Hierarchy of needs
Maslow's theory of the most important motivations people have
Hindsight bias
the tendency, after an event occurs, to overestimate the likelihood that an event could have been predicted
Hippocampus
limbic system component associated with memory
Homeostasis
the steady, stable state that is the body's regulatory processes try to maintain
Hormone
chemical substance secreted by endocrine glands that affect body processes
Humanist
perspective in psychology that stresses the goodness of people and their possibility of reaching their fullest potential
Hunger
it is regulated by the lateral hypothalamus and the ventromedial hypothalamus
Hypnosis
a social interaction in which one person suggests to another that certain events or emotions will occur
Hypochondriasis
a disorder characterized by an unreasonable fear that one has a serious disease
Hypothalamus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperature and other functions
Hypothesis
a prediction of how the an experiment will turn out
Iconic
term that describes the memory of images
Id
in Freud's conception, the repository of the basic urges toward sex and aggression
Identity vs. role confusion
Erikson's stage during which teenagers and young adults search for and become their true selves
Imprinting
evidence of critical period in some animals; they follow the first moving thing they see after hatching
In-group bias
tendency to favour one's own group over other groups
Incentive
an external stimulus that tends to encourage behaviour
Independent
type of variable manipulated by the experimenter
Individualist
culture in which the individual is valued more highly than the group
Industry vs. inferiority
Erikson's stage between 6 and 11 years, when the child learns to be productive
Inferiority complex
Adler's conception of a basic feeling of inadequacy stemming from childhood experiences
Information processing
humans accomplish this either in parallel (unconsciously) or in serial fashion (consciously)
Informed consent
agreement to participate in psychology research, after being appraised of the dangers and benefits of the research
Initiative vs. guilt
Erikson's third stage in which the child finds independence in planning, playing, and other activities
Insanity
a legal term describing one's inability to be responsible for one's action due to the condition of the mind