Upgrade to remove ads
Brain and Behavior Test 4
Terms in this set (81)
Which cue will typically elicit the fastest reaction time to the target in the symbolic cuing task?
A principal effect of the drug chlorpromazine is the
postsynaptic blocking of dopamine receptors
Family studies of schizophrenia reveal that
schizophrenia is more evident among first-degree relatives of patients than it is among more distant relatives.
Reflexive attention is also called
Episodic memory concerns
A patient who produces seemingly fluent but largely unintelligible speech and has poor comprehension of verbal material is most likely suffering from _______ aphasia.
The natural ligand for the AMPA receptor is
The most striking impairment suffered by Henry Molaison (patient H.M.) was
The drug _______ is often used to treat bipolar disorder.
Which of the following statements regarding therapy for depression is true?
Cognitive behavioral therapy and SSRI treatment together are more effective than either one alone.
Which circuit of the brain is active during quiet, introspective thought?
the default mode network
The discovery of the relationship between syphilis and paralytic dementia revealed that
a mental disorder turned out to have a physiological cause
Because voluntary attention is under direct, conscious control, researchers refer to it as a _______ process.
Imaging studies indicate that the learning of sensorimotor skills, perceptual skills, and cognitive skills are all affected by damage specifically to the
In the Wada test, anesthetizing the right hemisphere interferes with a subject's ability to recognize
Which of the following structures guides eye movements?
Methylation is the process by which gene expression is _______ through _______.
inhibited; dna modification
Which memory store holds the largest number of items?
Pharmacological treatment of Tourette's syndrome involves drugs that
At present, the only way to identify Alzheimer's disease with confidence is through
The likelihood that the spouse of a person with schizophrenia will develop the disease is similar to the likelihood that ______ will do so.
an individual in the general population
Which of the following drugs has been shown to inhibit the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder?
Martin has been treated with lithium for bipolar disorder for most of his adult life. He finds he takes his medication for a while but then stops. The most likely reason he does this is because
it robs him of the exhilaration of the manic phase.
Adult rats living in enriched conditions produce new neurons in the
It has been proposed that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be reduced or eliminated by the administration of drugs that
block the effects of emotional stress on memory
_______ dyslexia is a form of acquired dyslexia in which the patient incorrectly reads a word as another semantically-related word.
Which of the following processes occurs to only a limited extent after birth?
People with Korsakoff's syndrome often show damage in parts of limbic system, especially the
maxillary bodies and dorsomedial thalamus
The amygdala is directly involved in
Wernicke's aphasia is usually associated with lesions of
left posterior temporal region
What effect do benzodiazepines have on GABA synapses?
enhancement of GABA mediated inhibition
Children with ADHD have slightly reduced brain volume in which of following brain regions?
The angular gyrus links the
visual region and wernickes region
You are at a train station and hear an extremely loud crash. You, and everyone else, immediately orient their attention to the location of the sound. This is an example of _______ attention.
Hemispheric specialization is also known as
Atypical neuroleptics tend to be more effective on _______ receptors.
Place cells, which are located in the _______, become active when searching for previously-hidden food.
The main cause of Korsakoff's syndrome is
lack of thiamine
According to some studies, stroke patients given _______ therapy can show about a 75% return of normal use of a paralyzed arm within a relatively short period of time.
One's enhanced perception of a particular conversation in a crowded room is referred to as
cocktail party effect
The "easy problem of consciousness" refers to understanding
how particular patterns of activity create specific conscious experiences.
In LTP formation, nitric oxide may serve as a(n)
Which of the following protects neurons from apoptosis?
The adage "cells that fire together, wire together" refers to a hypothesis proposed by
Which of the following is a feature of birdsong that suggests it is analogous to human speech?
Some birds require early exposure to species-typical birdsong in order to develop their characteristic song.
Functional imaging studies indicate that drugs that alleviate symptoms of schizophrenia tend to increase activation of the
A model of the environmental stress and genetics involved in schizophrenia proposes that the disease emerges from
the interaction of stress and genetic factors
Aphasic patients may produce nonsensical or meaningless words called
Diminished social insight, distractibility, and emotional lability are associated with injuries to the _______ cortex.
A large frontal lesion in the left hemisphere can produce _______ aphasia.
Abnormal visual tracking of moving objects is a symptom associated with
Disturbance in reading is called
Hillyard's classic study of auditory attention found that ERPs for attended stimuli are
Group of answer choices
particularly evident in the N1 compound
A viewer presented with two videos projected onto the same screen will be aware of only one at any given moment due to an attentional phenomenon called
Which of the following statements is most true of childhood aphasia?
Language abilities impaired by childhood brain injury are usually restored by adulthood.
The _______ hemisphere plays a major role in the perception of music. The _______ hemisphere plays a major role in prosody.
The increase of cortical thickness with enriched experience is probably mainly due to the increased
branding of dendrites
A common movement disorder caused by traditional neuroleptics is called
A person credited with having "eyes in the back of their head" more probably is skilled at
inhibit the reuptake of norepinephrine, serotonin, and/or dopamine.
You are riding on bus and catch a very brief glimpse of a ravine with rushing water as you pass over a bridge. The sensory impression you have of the view is called an iconic memory, or _______.
Which of the following is the most commonly exhibited OCD symptom?
performing excessive or ritualized behaviors
Children who have inherited PKU can be helped by
Prosopagnosia is the inability to
Transcranial magnetic stimulation has been promoted as an important treatment for
ERP stands for _______ potential.
Which region of cortex is crucial for face recognition?
Which of the following structures has been shown to be involved in filtering out or ignoring distracting stimuli during covert attention tasks?
The main subdivisions of the prefrontal cortex are the _______ and _______ areas.
The physician's report on the effects of Phineas Gage's brain injury provided early information about the functional role of
Which of the following genes has been associated with schizophrenia?
The unconscious shifts in attention that come about in response to important changes in our environment are considered _______ processes.
"Where's Waldo?" is a puzzle in which one must find the right combination of features to identify Waldo in a busy scene. Which type of attentional process does this refer to?
Nonverbal visual stimuli are best processed if they are presented to
left visual field
Some patients with posttraumatic stress disorder have anatomical anomalies of the
The monoamine hypothesis of depression proposes that
depression is a result of too little stimulation at monoamine synapses.
In people with Alzheimer's disease, amyloid plaques are found in the _______, cortex, and associated limbic system sites.
In the adult brain, neurogenesis is evident in the
Prevalence rates for _______ are much higher for women than for men.
Unusual groupings of cells in the outer layers of the cerebral cortex have been seen in postmortem studies of
Birdsong is similar to human speech in that
proper expression of the FOXP2 gene appears to be crucial
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
brain and behavior exam 4
Brain and Behavior Exam 4
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Comm Exam 2
Psych 273 Test 3
Comm test 1