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Terms in this set (23)
Why is microbiology important to the dental assistant?
To understand the nature of pathogens and ways to prevent the transmission of disease in the dental office.
Who is the "Father of microbiology"?
Who recognized that airborne microorganisms were responsible for postsurgical infections?
Who was responsible for discovering the rabies vaccine?
What are the three primary shapes of bacteria?
1) Spherical (cocci)
2) Rod (bacilli)
3) Spiral (spirochetes)
What is the staining process for separating bacteria?
Grams stain it requires the sequential use of a crystal violet dye iodine solution alcohol and safranin dye
What is the term for bacteria that requires oxygen to grow?
What is the most resistant form of bacterial life?
How are prions different from other microorganisms?
Prions are composed entirely of proteins that lack nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
Bacteria causes which of the following oral disease?
dental caries and periodontal disease
Which types of hepatitis are spread by exposure to blood?
Pontiac fever is a type of which disease?
Herpes simplex type 2 is also known as?
How is HIV Spread?
Sexual contact, or exchange of body fluids such as blood when drug users share needles.
What tissues are affected by the West Nile virus?
Nervous system causing inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
How is the H1N1 virus spread?
When a person touches something contaminated with the virus then touches the eyes, nose, or mouth before washing hands
How is the Ebola virus spread?
It is spread through direct contact with blood and body fluids of a person who is sick with Ebola.
How is the Zika virus spread?
Spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquitos.
What birth defect can be caused by the Zika virus?
What microorganism is used as the benchmark for the effectiveness of a surface disinfectant?
What disease is also known as lockjaw?
What is a sign of the first stage of syphilis?
The presence of a painless ulcerating sore
What is a pandemic?
global disease outbreak
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