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Desire for Revolution
The Enlightenment "Age of Reason", Industrial Revolution in Eng
focus on pure thought-astronomers
deductive and inductive reasoning=?
- use logic
2 scientific contributors
Rene Descartes and Sir Francis Bacon
Rene Descartes- info, wrote what
Fr. father of philosophy, deductive; Discourse on Method (challenge everything, "I think therefore I am."
Sir Francis Bacon-info, wrote what
Eng, inductive; Novum Organum- laws of nature
Nicholas Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Sir Isaac Newton
Nicholas Copernicus-from, belief
Polish, sun=center universe-heliocentric theory; Cath said Earth center(geocentric) called heretic
Galileo Galilei- prof of what, where, father of, published what-result
prof. of physics, Univ of Padua(Italy); physics, astronomy, and science; Dialogue(follower of Copernicus)-books burned, house arrest(Pope)
Sir Isaac Newton-from, wrote ___ aka___, prof where, discover what
Eng, Philosophae Naturalis Principlia Mathematica (Principles), Cambridge, theory of universal gravitation
Development in arts led to what age
Neoclassic Age-emotion art brings out
Jacques Louis David works
"Death of Socrates," "Death of Marat"
ount Vernon(Washington's), Jefferson's Monticello, The Brandenburg Gate(Berlin)
Johan Sebastian Bach
prolific German organist
George Friedrich Handel-from __ performs in__, makes ___ which are ___, produces ___
German, Eng, cantatas- plays with no lines, "Messiah"
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart-from __, how many pieces
Austrian, over 600
Joseph Haydn-Austrian - nickname
"father of the symphony"
Jonathan Swift wrote
God created the world and let it go, natural religion, no miracles, prayers ineffective
John Locke-from, wrote, includes
Eng, Two Teatisies on Government, people born with unalienable rights (Dec of Ind)
Jean Jacques Rousseau-wrote, quote
The Social Contract, "man is free everywhere in chains" (principles of Consti)
Adam Smith-from, wrote, which said
Scotland, The Wealth of Nations, wealth not measured gold and silver but in total production
who coins term Industrial Revolution?
Arnold J. Toynbee
What causes Europe's population increase?
Mass production-importing cotton
Eng transportation and other good things
roads and canals, flexible political system, highest per capita income, decline in mortality(better care, more food, better sanitation)
repetitive tasks, factory system-factory towns, young girld sent, $ only good there, pay rent; working conditions, 12-15 people per room, poor diet alco>food, ileg kids