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Federal Government: Long Story Short
Terms in this set (160)
Groups that are bound by common interest and use the political system from the inside to attain their goals are known as
How are interest groups different from political parties?
Interest Groups seek to obtain goals from outside (lobby)
Political Party seek to obtain goals from inside (govern)
What is the main purpose of the responsible party model?
Allows voters to hold members of party accountable.
Identifying one's interest with a party in called...?
The main subject of Federalist No. 10, and one of the biggest concerns James Madison had about the survival of democracy, was that of...?
In a _____, registered party members select or endorse candidates.
Which is a characteristic of party machines?
Vulnerable for corruption
Which is a part of today's party structures?
The most ideologically extremes members of a political party are known as...?
What is realignment?
Long-term shift in part allegiance resulting in a change in policy direction
Which is a policy generally held by the Democratic Party?
Healthcare equals rights, not privilege.
Which is a characteristic of the changes among political parties since the 1960's?
Republicans and Democrats become more consistent with respect to ideologies.
Following the Civil War, which party would favor a more hands-off approach to solving economic and social problems?
Which statement is true regarding hyperpartisanship?
Hyperpartisanship --> Works against Democrat accountability
During the 2008 election, the Republican Party was not pleased with having John McCain as their candidate and rebelled by forming....?
The statement that their parties are irrelevant in modern-day politics is...?
Less accurate than the past
The election following the Great Depression, which ushered in Franklin Roosevelt and Democratic control in the 1930's, is an example of...?
Which party would likely be in favor of a health care system that lowered costs of treatment to everyone?
Which is NOT a function of interest groups in politics?
Many Interest groups face the ____ when recruiting members who can gain the benefits of their activities whether or not they join.
If an interest group is successful in its lobbying attempts to get policies passed that clean up the quality of air in metropolitan areas, it is...?
Public Interest Group --> Provide collective good
Expressive benefits are...?
Selective incentives that derive from opportunity to express values, beliefs, and greater cost.
Interest groups often provide selective incentives, which are...?
Benefits only available to group members
Government representation is based on ___, whereas interest groups are based on ___.
Which is an example of an economic interest group?
American Medical Association
___ interest groups seek to influence the government on behalf of individuals who feel they are not represented because of who they are.
____ try to influence government to produce collective goods or services that benefit the general public.
Public Interest Groups
The "revolving door" exists because...?
Most effective lobby formed of government officials
Some interest groups may focus their lobbying efforts on getting the public to put pressure on elected officials, which is a form of...?
Political action committees, or PACs are ___?
Fundraising arms for interest groups
Political action committees were created as a result of...?
Federal Election campaign act --> reduce opportunity --> political action committees
What was the outcome of Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission (2010)?
SuperPACs can spend as much money as they want in elections
Black Lives Matter and #MeToo are examples of...?
Grass-root lobbying (activism)
Asrtoturf lobbying refers to...?
Indirect lobby effort that manipulates public sentiment.
Although the courts appear to be above politics, the Supreme Court can be lobbied through ___.
Amicus Curiae Briefs
Which groups often form iron triangles?
Legislators, Regulators, and the groups being regulated.
Which is a technique interest groups use to lobby Congress?
Insurance discounts or professional buybacks are examples of ___ benefits.
Due to the polarization in today's politics, parties and candidates are focusing less on appealing to the middle and more on___.
Their own Base
In a single member, first past the post district, ___.
Who ever gets majority wins.
The primary impact of state voter registration laws has been to...?
Decrease voting turnout; keep down minorities.
All of the following statements concerning the legal obstacles to voting in the United States are true EXCEPT....?
Politicians have been eager to pass major electoral reforms in order to...(?)
Those who are LESS likely to vote tend to be...?
poor rather than wealthy
The transfer of political attitudes, narratives, and beliefs from generation to generation is called...?
A party's effort to inform potential voters and persuade them to vote for that party is known as...?
The single biggest factor accounting for how people decide to vote is...?
Party Identification is the single most important predictor of how people decide to vote because...?
It indirectly colors perception of issues/candidates.
Which of the following statements is NOT true concerning the role of issues in citizen's voting decisions?
Calculated policy issues are common
Politicians who are thinking about running for the presidency begin their run by...?
Testing waters unofficially
Major-Party presidential nominations are now determined primarily by...?
Conventional delegates are selected first in local, then county, then state, then national levels. (long process)
A party caucus is a meeting of...?
Local party members who choose delegates for state and national conventions.
Front-Loading is the process of...?
Scheduling presidential primaries early in the season
Momentum and electability are important factors in voters' decision making during primaries because voters...?
They cannot rely on partisanship
Delegates to the national conventions are chosen...?
on local and state levels
Why does the incumbent president's party usually go last in a national convention?
Swing voters are...?
people who have not made their minds about which party they chose when campaigns start ( swing back and forth between parties)
The founders created the Electoral College and specified that senators would be chosen by the state legislatures because...?
They feared people would band together into factions or interest groups and not act for the public good.
The Constitution dictates that each state has...?
One elector for each senator, and one elector for each representative. (535 in Texas)
Because of the Electoral College, presidential candidates generally spend most of their time and resources in...?
Wedge issues are controversial matters because of...?
divisions or parties (?)
In Negative advertising...?
Negative ads stand out more than positive ones.
Following the Citizens United case, corporations can...?
Spend as much money, straight out of the treasury, as they want in campaigns.
Public Opinion matters because...?
Politicians and media treat public opinion as if it matters, therefore it does.
Regarding the impact of the public in American national decision-making, the founders wanted...?
A system legitimated by the public and protected by possible public power.
If you are conducting a poll to determine how voters view a candidate, you want your sample to comprise of...?
According to studies, Americans tend to be...?
not knowledgeable about politics
Regarding tolerance, Americans are generally...?
Supporting of general issues, but less supporting when it comes to unpopular issues.
Voter turnout of the U.S. national elections is...?
the lowest among the industrialized nations
Women are generally more likely to be..?
Which relationship between sample size and sampling error is correct?
The larger the sample, the smaller the sampling error
Which characteristic would make for a poor polling question?
a question that leads to respondents to come to a conclusion.
What are fake polls?
Polls that don't measure anything useful
Tracking polls are significant because they...?
Can catch daily changes in public opinion
Which of the following statements concerning exit polls in NOT true?
They are a form of pseudo-polls.
Rational Ignorance refers to...?
The state of being uninformed about politics...(doesn't pay to go vote) (?)
The process by which citizens take their political cues from more well-informed opinions leaders is known as...?
2-step flow of information
A single-issue voter is likely to...?
vote for candidates that support the same views as them
____ are more likely to support voter ID laws.
What is the main purpose of the invisible primary?
Test waters, conducting polls, gain support... etc.
Campaign money that goes to nonprofits to be spent to influence elections and whose donors do not need to be revealed is known as...?
What is the function of a media aggregator?
To pick and choose from reportings of others
The American system of Democracy would be in serious trouble without___?
The reportings of skilled journalists
Someone who gets their information from a newspaper subscription, Facebook, and the nightly news on television is experiencing...?
Media convergence (convergent?)
Roughly how many Americans access new from their smartphone or mobile device?
Which is a drawback of being a mediated citizen?
Increased vulnerability to be manipulated
What is the primary function of gatekeepers when it comes to media?
They decide the details about what news gets covered.
How is the gatekeeping today different than the gatekeeping at the time of the United States' founding?
Corporations are the gatekeepers now, as apposed to the government being the gatekeepers when the U.S. was founded.
A reporter like Ronan Farrow, who is digging for information into a certain claim, is what type of journalist?
Which corporation has the highest value of media companies under its ownership?
The corporate nature of the American media has caused...?
Advertisers dictate the content of news; control media
The tendency of the media to make coverage and programming decisions based on what will attract a large audience and maximize profits is known as...?
commercial bias; media?
An article with an attention-grabbing headline intended to get readers to follow a link and read the article is an example of ___?
What is Net Neutrality?
Making sure providers cannot charge a premium for certain types of content in favor of others.
What is the function of the Federal Communication Commission?
To ensure TV and radio represent a variety of viewpoints
Reporters who focus solely on on getting the facts out are known as...?
Public mobilizers are journalists who...?
have an agenda to consider while informing people
Which is a factor that has contributed to the dwindling pool of journalists?
increasingly, to make money off their work without paying them for it
A presidential speechwriter who then took a job as a syndicated columnist and later return as a domestic policy adviser to a member of Congress would illustrate___?
The term "fake news" is often used to ___?
control the narrative
The phenomenon of news sites experiencing growth due to President Trump's constant attention-getting behavior is known as...?
An example of ___ is when a journalist or producer decides what is important enough to become news and end up on the political agenda.
What is the essential goal of political narratives?
to de-legitimize or legitimize a claim of political power
What is the main purpose of framing?
to tell a story with a certain angle and only with some of the information.
Which statement does NOT describe an effort of horse race journalism?
media helps citizens to understand issues
What is a political Spin?
using selective pieces of information and interpreting them to sound like something else
Excessive press coverage of an embarrassing or scandalous subject is called...?
How did the President Franklin Roosevelt change the way presidents communicated with Americans?
discussing the Great Depression and war recovery over the radio every week
The ability of politicians to reach out to Americans through social media has led to an era of ___?
Which is a characteristic of news management?
tight control of access to politicians
Choosing a topic and forming the conversation and all messages around that topic is an ___?
tight control of information
What is the benefit of pre-packing the news in sound bites?
Gives politicians' staff control over what media they will report on
A ___ refers to an official leaking a policy or plan in order to gauge public reaction.
To deliberately make people hate you, exploit crises, and not admit that you are wrong are all elements of ___.
Which statement is accurate regarding President Trump's communication strategies?
Unorthodox and hard to measure
What is a pundit?
someone who observes and comments on political affairs
How do curated news aggregators harm the journalism industry?
by making money from links of articles without writing them, or paying the writers.
What is the least-used form of media for Americans to get their news?
Which company owns the ABC news network?
What is the advantage of being a mediated citizen?
the ability to seek out different points of views with different forms of media.
___ is the heart of the news industry.
Public Policy can be defined as __?
A government plan of action to solve social problems.
Someone who would be in favor of a policy that would provide health care for everyone regardless of employment status would MOST likely identify as __?
Re-distributive policies are relatively rare because ___?
Those who must pay for them are much more equipped to fight political battles than those who benefit and are not so participatory and less wealthy.
What is the president's role in making public policy?
to put issues in the public agenda...(?)
Why are distributive policies popular?
cost is spread across tax payers but is targeted to a group that sees them.
What group is MOST likely to benefit from a distributive policy?
Which is an example of a distributive policy?
Which statement regarding the formation of public policy is accurate?
solutions to public problems generate other problems
Which type of policy limits and controls the actions of individuals or groups?
___ is the second step in making policy.
Government agencies(bureaucrats) have their largest role in ___.
Policies that are aimed at improving the quality of life for those in need are known generally as ___.
Anita participates in a government program that requires her to submit a pay stub and other documents in order to receive income assistance. This is an example of ___?
Mean Tested Program
Public Policy that seeks to meet the basic needs of people who are unable to provide for themselves is ___ policy.
What was the primary purpose of Aid t Families with Dependent Children program?
To make sure that poor families could support their children
What are social insurance policies?
Government programs that offer benefits in exchange for contributions.
Most social welfare policies can be categorized as ___?
Which is a way the Social Security trust fund could be made sustainable?
By increasing taxes.
A federal program that guarantees benefits to all qualified recipients is known as ___?
Financial incentives given by government to corporations, individuals, or other governments for the purpose of encouraging certain activities or behavior are ___?
How did the Great Depression impact American public policy?
For the first time, the public started seeing poverty as a problem that required government action.
Which is a major criticism of the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program?
It had no work requirements
___ is a welfare program of block grants to states that encourages recipients to work in exchange for time-limited benefits.
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
___ is an example of a social insurance program.
Prior to the health care reform that was passed in 2010, the government's role in health care was limited to ___?
Medicare and Medicaid
The federal government's insurance program for the elderly and disabled is called ___?
Which is likely the strongest ideological argument against a system of universal health care in the United States?
a universal health care system runs against the American economic system and gives the government too much control.
What type of policy addresses the problem of economic security for society as a whole?
Basic principles that regulate the economic market and influence the price of a good are known as laws of ___?
Supply and Demand -> Capitalism
Fiscal policy refers to ___?
Government use of taxing and spending power to regulate the economy.
The manipulation of interest rates to control the money supply in order to regulate the economy is known as ___ policy.
Monetary policy is a ___ policy.
A tax levied on returns from capital investments, such as profits from the sale of real estate, is ___ tax.
The policy that says the U.S. should put its interests first and not interfere in global concerns is known as ___.
Which is an example of an intergovernmental organization?
the United Nations
Foreign policy that lays out a country's basic stance toward international actors or issues is ___.
The Cold War policy of the U.S. seeking to prevent the spread of communism is an example of ___.
The State Department is the executive department responsible for managing ___?
The department of defense is responsible for
managing military personal, equipment, and missions.
The ___ was Congress' attempt to limit the president's ability to use troops in hostilities without congressional approval.
War Power Act
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