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Politics of the United States
POSC 104 Midterm Practice
Terms in this set (60)
Besides the justices who staff the Court the individual who has the greatest immediate influence on the work of the Supreme Court is the,
The court that initially hears a criminal or civil case is the __________ court.
Which term defines the transfer of a task from a government agency to a business outside of government?
The Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution declares that the powers the Constitution does not delegate to the national government or deny to the states are
reserved to the states or to the people.
Running to keep a political office that one already holds is called
Federalism seeks to limit governmental tyranny by distributing power among which two sovereign entities?
National and State Gov
The authors of the U.S. Constitution used a strategy of separation of powers to limit the power of the government by
encouraging conflict between the national government and the states.
The question of counting slaves for purposes of representation was ultimately resolved by counting
every five slaves as three people for purposes of representation.
The power of the courts to render the final decision in cases involving a conflict of interpretation of the Constitution or of laws between the courts and Congress, the courts and the executive branch, or the courts and the states is referred to as
In order to protect federal judges from political influence from citizens and other branches, the framers
Granted judges lifetime appts
Who has the highest military authority in the United States?
Article IV of the U.S. Constitution calls for "full faith and credit," meaning that
each state is expected to honor the public acts of other states, such as marriages.
Under the Articles of Confederation, what power was Congress given?
When a senator voted against a gun control bill that he agreed with but that his constituency opposed, he exemplified a _________ style of representation.
In recent decades, which areas of the country have gained U.S. House seats due to the reapportionment process following each census?
Western and Southern states
The system of government from 1789 to about 1937, in which fundamental governmental powers are shared between the federal and state governments and in which the states exercise the most important powers, is known as
Under the American Constitution, the sole power to originate revenue bills is vested in the
The house of Representatives
Which of the following is true of the line-item veto power for the president?
Presidents since Bill Clinton have made frequent use of the line-item veto to reduce pork-barrel spending in budgetary bills
A form of government in which a single individual—king, queen, or dictator- rules is known as
A representative who voted to limit greenhouse gas emissions because she thought it was in the best interest of the country even though her constituency did not support that action exemplifies a __________ style of representation.
A court order to the authorities to release a prisoner deemed to be held in violation of his or her rights is known as a(n)
Writ of Habeas Corpus
A bureaucracy can be thought of as the agent in a principal-agent, with __________ as the principal
Congress and President
This is the term for a court opinion agreeing with the decision of the majority but not entirely agreeing with the rationale provided in the majority opinion.
Which branch of government has the power to create inferior (lower) courts, change the jurisdiction of federal courts, add or subtract federal judges, and even change the size of the Supreme Court?
The terms of appointments for senators are staggered so that the terms of one-third of the senators expire every
Compared to the Senate, the small size and relative homogeneity of House districts, combined with more frequent elections, make House members
especially responsive to the legislative needs of local interest groups
When a small group of landowners, military officers, or wealthy merchants controls most of the governing decisions, the government is said to be a(n)
Policies having to do with banks, credit and currency are generally referred to as
Under this congressional act, the president can send troops into action abroad only by authorization of Congress or if U.S. troops are already under attack or seriously threatened.
War Powers Resolution
Which of the following is a judicial philosophy whose adherents refuse to go beyond the text of the Constitution in interpreting its meaning?
The claim that confidential communications between a president and close advisers should not be revealed without the consent of the president is known as
The result of the 1777 Continental Congress was a constitution concerned primarily with
Limiting Powers of Central Govt
In the House of Representatives, what is the term for elected individuals responsible for lining up party members on important votes and relaying voter information to the leaders?
After the rules for a federal public agency are approved, where are they published?
In the United States, no set of institutional procedures is more important than the
What is the minimum age required to serve as a member of the House of Representatives?
Article I of the Constitution specifies that the House of Representatives must originate all legislation on which topic?
Taxes and Spending
The Declaration of Independence was almost entirely written by
A judicial philosophy that the courts should see beyond the text of the Constitution or a statute in order to consider broader societal implications when making decisions is considered to be indicative of judicial
A congressional representative's statement to his legislative colleague that he will support her bill if she will support his is an example of
The national government under the Articles of Confederation is an example of a national government that
Within the system of separated powers, the framers provided for supremacy by the
Each state is normally expected to honor the "public Acts, Records, and Proceedings" that take place in any other state because of Article IV, Section 1, of the Constitution, which is referred to as the __________ clause.
Full Faith and Credit
If the president vetoes a bill
The veto can be overridden by a two-thirds vote in both the House and Senate.
Which term describes the division of powers and functions between national and state governments?
Checks and Balances
In recent years, the rate of reelection for representatives seeking to return to service in the U.S. House of Representatives has been about __________ percent.
Which constitutional amendment was adopted to address the Antifederalists' concerns that a strong central government would encroach upon the power of the states?
A permanent legislative committee that considers legislation within its designated subject area is known as the
The system of government in which a constitution divides power between a central government and regional governments is known as
The obligations imposed on state government by the national government without any funding at all have come to be known as
A government with specific limits on what governments control and how political power is exercised is called a
What is the minimum age required to serve as a U.S. senator?
Which Senate position is mentioned in the Constitution but currently wields little real power, so it is often held by the most senior member of the majority party?
the president pro tempore
Most cases reach the Supreme Court through a writ of _____
Representatives who believe that they have been selected by their fellow citizens in order to do what the legislator thinks is "right" act as
Representatives who believe that they have been elected to do the bidding of those who sent them to the legislature are considered to be acting as
What is one way in which the Founders designed the Senate to be more distant from the will of the majority than the House?
senators have longer terms than house members
What is the term for choosing the chairs of Congressional committees based on which member has served on the committee the longest?
Which branch of government was designed to make the federal government capable of timely and decisive action to deal with public issues and problems?
The Antifederalists perceived the danger of tyranny to be posed most severely by
small numbers of individuals in positions of authority
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