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Terms in this set (15)
Two classmates ask you to spend a couple of hours helping them prepare for a chemistry test. According to social exchange theory, you would be most likely to help them if
you know you would feel terribly guilty for refusing their request.
In 1942, German reserve police officers obeyed orders to kill some 1500 Jews in the village of Jozefow, Poland. This incident illustrated that people are most likely to be destructively obedient when
they perceive their orders to come from legitimate authority figures
Solomon Asch reported that individuals conformed to a group's judgment of the lengths of lines
even when the group judgment was clearly incorrect.
Three keys to an enduring companionate love include
equity, self-disclosure, and positive support
Which branch of psychology is most directly concerned with the study of how people think about influence, and relate to one another?
At a conscious level, Aaron doesn't think he's prejudiced. Yet he automatically feels uncomfortable in situations where he has to interact with people of different races from his own. Aaron's experience best illustrates the distinction between
explicit and implicit attitudes
Deindividuation refers to
loss of self-awareness and self-restraint in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity
When 12-year-old Jamilah saw an old man lying on the sidewalk, he prepared to offer help. But when he noticed several adults walk past the man, he concluded that the man did not need any help. His reaction most clearly illustrates one of the dynamics involved in
According to the scapegoat theory, prejudice is likely to result from
The fundamental attribution error refers to our tendency to underestimate the impact of ________ and to overestimate the impact of ________ in explaining the behavior of others
situational influences; personal dispositions
The fundamental attribution error involves
underestimating situational constraints on another's behavior
Using the Asch procedure, conformity to group judgments would be LEAST likely when
participants are not observed by other group members when giving their answers.
Groupthink is fueled by a desire for
In a study of social loafing, blindfolded students were asked to pull on a rope as hard as they could. The students tugged hardest when they thought
no others were pulling with them
When Hutu militia began to slaughter the Tutsi in 1994, missionary Carl Wilkens risked his own life to save the lives of others. His actions best illustrated
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