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Unit 7- Ancient China test
Terms in this set (27)
Major rivers of China
Yellow and Yangtze
Geographical features of China
Gobi desert and Himalaya mountains
Where did the earliest cities in China form?
By major rivers
What was a threat China faced from the north?
Invasions from the Mongolians
3 Chinese Belief Systems
Confucianism, Legalism, Daoism
Who created Confucianism/ who created Daoism
Confucius and Laozi
Major themes of Confucianism
honesty, respect, rulers should lead by example, everyone had a role, if everybody followed the rules China would find peace
Major themes of Daoism
lived in balance and agreement with nature, rulers should have limited laws and will act according to nature, except if something bad happens eventually it will turn out good, still practiced today
Major themes of Legalism
honesty and unselfish, rulers could keep control by rewarding good behavior and punishing bad, know where you stand in society, still continues in China today
What type of government did the Zhou Dynasty use?
Feudalism- emperor would give the nobles would areas of land to rule over in exchange for loyalty
What type of government did the Qin Dynasty use?
Legalism- had strict and harsh punishments, the emperor forced people into labor, Emperor makes sure everyone is under control
What type of government did the Han Dynasty use?
Use Confucianism, government officials need to take tests to become a official
Which Dynasties built the Great Wall of China?
Qin and Han
emperor would give the nobles would areas of land to rule over in exchange for loyalty
What is the Mandate of Heaven?
if a ruler was virtuous and good, he would have the approval of the gods and the right to rule, but if the ruler ceased to be virtuous or acted foolishly, he would lose the gods' approval and lose the right to rule
Who was Shi Huangdi - what were some contributions he had on Ancient China?
He was China's first emperor, he built the great wall of China and was cruel, he forced people to build the Great Wall
Why did the Qin Dynasty fall?
The people thought that the emperor was to harsh and turned against him
What are some contributions/inventions the Han Dynasty created?
Paper, gunpowder, the compass
Economics is the production of goods in an area that contribute to that areas wealth.
An area that has total control over a product or resource
What was the silk road?
Several trade routes connecting China and Europe
What were some items traded on the silk road?
tea, wool, furs, silk, spices, weapons, gold, silver
What areas of the world did the Silk Road Connect?
The silk roads connect Europe, Asia, Egypt, Africa, and the Middle East.
What are some inventions the Chinese had?
Paper, gunpowder, silk, compass, etc.
What happened during the Warring States period?
The people of the Qin dynasty didn't like the government controlling them so they started a war
How did each belief system impact China?
They were all really different and sometimes people didn't always agree to these. Some emperors didn't even follow these beliefs.
Why did the Chinese Belief Systems emerge?
To keep things in order and help keep peace and also was a way to discipline and were rules to follow
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