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Harry Truman
-Became President after the death of FDR in 1945
-Responsible for dropping the atomic bombs on Japan and World War 2
-Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe after the war
-Started second term in 1949 (defeating Thomas Dewey)
-Fought Korean War in second term
Doris Day
Famous actress in films such as My Dream is Yours, It's a Great Feeling, and also had famous songs such as It's Magic (1949)
Red China
-Communist Party of China took control, after winning a struggled starting before World War 2.
-Entered Korean War in 1950's
Johnnie Ray
-Partially deaf singer
-Number one hit song Cry
-Other songs included The Little White Cloud that Cried & Walking in the Rain
(1949)
South Pacific
Highly popular Broadway musical and hit movie (1949)
Walter Winchell
Top gossip reporter, whose newspaper column and radio show could make or break a celebrity
Joe Dimaggio
-Popular baseball player for Yankees
-Set Major League record in 1941 for hitting safely 56 straight games
-Retired in 1952
-Briefly married Marilyn Monroe
Joe McCarthy
Senator from Wisconsin known for his hearings on suspected communists in the government and movie industry. Known for his brutal interrogations of suspects, resulting in ruining the lives of both guilty and innocent people.
Richard Nixon
-Nixon proved Alger Hiss guilty in 1950
-VP under Eisenhower
-Watergate scandal
Studebaker
Studebaker was a popular car in 1950. The styling consisted of a torpedo front end and read window. People joked that the car looked like it was going backwards. The company went out of business in 1966.
TV
-Became popular in late 40's and early 1950's
-Color introduced in 1951
North Korea/South Korea
-Split in two following World War 2
-North Korea=communist
-1950: North Korea attacked South Korea starting the Korean War
Marilyn Monroe
-Sex symbol movie star of 1950
-Was married to Joe Dimaggio & Arthur Miller
Rosenburgs
Husband and wife arrested and executed for selling secrets of the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union
H-bomb
-Developed by William Teller
-US exploded first H-bomb in 1951
Sugar Ray
-Middle weight boxing champion of the world in 1951
Panmunjom
Where negotiations to end the Korean War took place
Brando
-Marlon Brando was a topic movie actor
-Received Academy Award for his role in On the Water Front
-Starred in Godfather
-1951
The King and I
1951 Popular Broadway play that was turned into a movie starring Yul Brunner and Deborah Kerr
The Catcher in the Rye
Extremely popular book among teens written by J.D Salinger, as it epitomized their attitutes and feelings
Eisenhower
Supreme Commander in the World War 2 fight against the Nazis. He later became a popular president of the United States.
Vaccine
Jonas Stalk discovered a cure for the dreaded disease polio which was distributed throughout the world (1952)
England's got a new queen
Coronation of Queen Elizabeth took Britain by storm (1952)
Marciano
Heavyweight boxing champion of the world, he retired undefeated (1952)
Liberace
Popular pianist and entertainer, who had his own TV show in the 1950's. He was known for wearing sequined tuxedos and having a candelabra on his piano. He created with advising singer Elvis Presley to also wear "fancy clothes" during his performances. he was adored by women because of his sweet smile and wavy hair. (1952)
Santayana goodbye
Famed philosopher died in 1952
Joseph Stalin
Dictator of Soviet Union. Harsh leader who had million of his people executed or sent to labor camps in Siberia. On his way to political power, he changed his name to mean steel in Russian.
Malenkov
Soviet politician and Communist Party Leader and a close collaborator of Joseph Stalin. Briefly became the leader of the USSR following Stalin's death
Nasser
Second President of Egypt after Muhammad Naguib. He was considered one of the most influential Arab leaders in history
Sergei Sergeevich Prokoflev
Famous Ukranian composer who died in 1953
Nelson Rockefeller
Grandson of oil tycoon. Served as governor of New York from 1959 to 1973. He was the 41st Vice President of the United Stated from 1974-1977 (1953)
Roy Campanella
All-star catcher for the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team. His career was cut short by a paralyzing car accident. (1953)
Communist bloc
USSSR and their satellite countries formed this.
Roy Cohn
Advisor to Senator Joseph McCarthy during the McCarthy Hearings on Communists in the movie industry and government. (1954)
Joan Peron
Popular dictator in Argentina. His wife Evita was known for helping the poor. (1954)
Toscanini
World famous conductor who died in 1954
Dacron
Wonder-material that hit the market (1954)
Fall of Dien Bien Phu
French loses control over Indo-China, known as Vietnam, leading to this major event (1954)
Rock Around the Clock
Bill Hailey and the Comets came out with what was considered the first rock and roll hit song in 1954. It was the theme music for the popular movie Blackboard Jungle.
Einstein
Developed the Theory of Relativity in 1903 and was considered of the world's smartest scientists. He became a popular figure in the later years of his life. He died in 1955.
James Dean
Movie star who became a symbol of young people from his role in the movie Rebel Without a Cause. After making the movie Giant, which moved him to a top star, he was killed when he lost control fo his sports car when driving alone. (1955)
Brooklyn Dodgers
baseball team finally won the World Series over New York Yankees. (1955)
Davy Crockett
Actor Fess Parker played the star of this highly popular TV series. A novelty song by that title became the number 1 hit for a short time. (1955)
Peter Pan
Top Broadway play starting Mary Martin (1955)
Elvis Presley
Became a national phenomenon with such number 1 hit songs such as Heartbreak Hotel, Don't Be Cruel, and Hound Dog. He was known for the way he shook his hips while dancing. Many religious leaders and school officials banned his songs. Later went on to be nicknamed "The King" (1955)
Disneyland
Opening in 1955 in Anaheim, california. Theme park, developed by Walt Disney and based around his cartoon characters. It was designated as a place for family entertainment.
Brigette Bardot
Popular French sex-kitten movie star (1956)
Budapest
Anti-communists took part in this Hungarian city. Soviet troops put down the revolt and arrested many Hungarians, especially students. (1956)
Alabama
African-American Rosa Parks sat in Montgomery bus seat designated for whites only in 1955 thus starting demonstrations and a boycott of Montgomery buses that lasted until December 1965. Since the boycott was costing downtown stores and white businesses considerable money, negotiations wer made to finally inegrat the buses. But this even also was a staring point for the Civil Rights Movement of MLK and others.
Nikitia Khrushchev
Emerged as a leader in Soviet Union after the death of dictator Joseph Stalin. In 1956, he advocated reform and indirectly criticized Stalin and his methods. He became the Premier of the Soviet Union fron 1958 to 1974.
Princess Grace
This actress left Hollywood to marry Prince Rainer of Monaco in 1956
Trouble in the Suez
After Britain and the US withdrew their support for the Egyptian Aswan Dam Project, General Nasser nationalized this canal. Egypt was the invaded by British, French, and Israeli forces. Under pressure from the US the invaders left Egypt and a UN emergency force was sent to Egypt. (1956)
Little Rock
Nine African American students enrolled at Central High School in this Arkansas town. Governer Faubus ordered the National Guard to surround the high school to keep the nine students from entering the school because he believed black and whites should be separated, despite Federal laws on integration. President Eisenhower ordered the 101st Airborne Division into Little Rock to insure the safety of the students. (1957)
Boris Pasternak
Russian poet and author. Best known for his monumental novel about Russia entitled "Doctor Zhivago"
Mickey Mantle
Great baseball player for the New York Yankee team. He batted both left and right handed, hit at a leading batting average, as well as led the league in home runs. (1957)
Jack Kerouac
Author of the best-selling book On the Road, which epitomized the Best Generation of the later 1940's and early 1950's.
Sputnik
Name of the first orbiting satellite sent into the space by the USSR. Turmoil over its launch initiated the race for supremacy in space. (1957)
Chou En-Lai
Premier and Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China. Popular and practical administrator during the Great Leap Forward of 1958 and later pushed for modernization to undo damage caused by the Cultural Revolution of 1966 to 1976.
Bridge on the River Kwai
1957 Academy Award winning movie about a World War 2 Japanese prisoner of war camp.
Lebanon
US President Eisenhower ordered US Marines into this country at the request of President Chamoun to help stop rioting in 1958.
Charles de Gaulle
1958 this man came back to power as leader of France
California baseball
Brooklyn Dodgers to LA and New York Giants to San Fran
Starkweather homicide
Serial killer who made the news in 1958 because of his gruesome murder. Him and his girlfriend, Caril Fugare went on a killing spree of 11 to 15 people over a span of a month and half. They were executed in 1959
Children of Thalidomide
Children of women who took this drug during pregnancy were born with only stubs for arms. After this tragedy, the drug was taken off the market. (1959)
Buddy Holly
POpular singer and leader of the Crickets rock group. He was killed in a plane crash, along with singers The Big Bopper and Ritchie Valens. In the 1980's, the hit song American Pie referred to his death as "the day the music died."
Ben HUr
Spectacular movie starring Charlton Heston. It was set around the time of Christ.
Space Monkey
Sent up in American satellite as a prelude to sending a man in space.
Mafia
Leaders of this group met in upstate New York to get better organized
Hula Hoops
National fad among people of all ages.
Castro
Dictator of Cuba who overthrows Batista and starts up a Communist dictatorship
Edsel
Cross between a Ford and a Mercury that flopped
U-2
Secret US spy planes over the Soviet Union to take pictures and gather information. One was shot down by a Russian missile
Syngman Rhee
First president of South Korea serving from 1948 to 1960. His method of rule became unpopular and he was forced to resign a student-led democratic movement.
Payola
DJ's were being exposed for taking bribes for playing certain songs on the radio. Top National Dj Allen Freed was convicted of this. American Bandstand was also accused of committing this.
JFK
Elected President in 1960
Chubby Checker
THE TWIST
Psycho
Thriller movie directed Alfred Hitchcock
Belgians in the Congo
Belgian government overthrown
Hemingway
Famous author commits suicide
Eichmann
Former Nazi leader arrested in Argentina and brought to Israel, where he was convicted and executed.
Stranger in a Strange Land
Award winning fictional book by a Robert A. Heilein about Valentine Michael Smith, who was born durin the first manned mission to Mars and the only survivor. He is raised by martians, and when he arrived on Earth, he had never even seen a woman. But he was the legal heir to an enormous financial empire. He then explored human morality and the meanings of love and founded his own church, preaching free love.
Bob Dylan
Leads folk music craze
Berlin
Soviets erect wall in this city diving it into a part controlled by the Russians and an area controlled by the US, British, & French.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
A secret mission led by the CIA with trained Cuban rebels, failed horribly. Outdated maps landed the strike force in the middle of a cuban base. President Kennedy took the heat due to its failure.
Lawrence of Arabia
Academy award winning movie starring Peter O'Toole.
British Beatlemania
British rock group takes over the music scene with numerous hit records on the top-40s chart.
Ole Miss
University to admit first black student, James Meredith, with US Marshalls enforcing the rule to integrate the school.
John Glenn
First American to orbit the Earth
Liston beats Patterson
This mean-looking boxer successfully defeated the Champion and then went on to change his name to Muhammad Ali
Pope Paul
Pope from 1963-1978
Malcom X
Black Muslim who preached separation of the races.
British politician sex
sex scandal rocks parliament in 1963
JFK blown away
President assassinated in Dalla in November of 1963
Birth control
Abortion legalized and pill utilized
Ho Chi Minh
Leader of the Communist North Vietnamese, who first fought the French and then the Americans
Moon shot
US lands the first man on the moon in 1969
Woodstock
Concert of 600,000 rock fans in Upstate new York
Watergate
President Nixon accused of breaking into the Democratic headquarters in hotel. Nixon tried to cover up the fact and soon he was forced to reigned from office.
Punk Rock
hits the music scene between 1964-1969
Begin
prime minister of israel 1964-1969
Reagan
Former movie actor who became the president of US