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Chapter 14 Endocrine system

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CCK
cholecystokinin
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
SAD
seasonal affective disorder
FSH
follicle-stimulating hormone
GH
growth hormone
GnRh
gonadotropin-releasing hormone
LH
Luteinizing hormone, ovulation and egg release, maturation of egg, release of testosterone in males.
OT
oxytocin
PRL
prolactin
TSH
thyroid-stimulating hormone
T3
triiodothyronine
PTH
parathyroid hormone
DHEA
dehydroepiandrosterone
DM
diabetes mellitus
IDDM
insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NIDDM
non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
DKA
diabetic ketoacidosis
Hb A1c
glycosylated hemoglobin (hemoglobin A one-C)
Melatonin
hormone formed by the pineal gland. secretes at night to help you sleep (seep aide)
Serotonin
a neurotransmitter in the central and peripheral nervous system act a an sleep depressant
Hormone
chemical formed in one tissue organ and carried ny the blood to stimulate or inhibit a function of another tissue or organ
Antidiuretic
an agent that decreases urine production
Oxytocin
pituitary hormone that stimulates the uterus to contract
PO
by mouth
Ine
pertaining to
Adrenal gland
the suprarenal, or adrenal gland on the upper pole of each kidney
Thyroxine
thyroid hormone T4
Vasopressin
also called ADH. pituitary hormone that constricts blood vessels and decreases urine output
Acro
highest point
Ism
condition
Hypo
deficient
Oma
tumor
Dwarfism
uderproduction of growth of hormone
DI
diabetes insipidus
Diabetes Insipidus
condition of abnormal increase in urine output most commonly caused by inadequate secretion of pituitary ADH; symptoms include polyuria and polydipsia; urine appears colorless due to the inability of the kidneys to concentrate urine
Acromegaly
in adults, excessive gowth hormones. enlargement of the head, hands, face, and feet
Gigantism
condition in childern, excessive production starts before plates of the long bones have closed causing thelong bones to grow enormously
Hypercalcemia
excessive level of calcium in the blood
Thyroid Storm
medical crisis and emergency due to excess thyroid disease
Myx
mucus
Eu
good
Ex
out
Thyroiditis
inflammation of the thyroid gland
Graves Disease
an autoimmune disorder that is caused by hyperthyroidism and is characterized by goiter and/or exophthalmos
Hyperthyroidism
excessive activity of the thyroid gland
Exophtalmos
both eyeballs bulge outward, often because of thyroid dysfunction or a tumor behind the eyeball
Goiter
enlargement of the thyroid gland, as it enlarges it causes difficulty swallowing and breathing.
Hashimoto Disease
an autoimmune disease with lymphocytic infiltration of the gland, resulting inlifelong thyroid hormone replacement therapy
Euthyroid
normal thyroid function
Antithyroid
a substance that inhibits the production of thyroid hormones
Cretinism
condition of severe congenital hypothyroidism
One
hormone
Cushing Syndrome
clinical manifestation due to pituitary tumor secerting too much include obesity of the trunk, musle wasting, weakness, osteoporosis, kidney stones, and reduced resistance to infection.
Conn Syndrome
aldosteronism
Neo
new
Lysis
breakdown
Pancreas
the head of which is tucked into the curve of the duodenum
Gen/o
to create
Gluconeogenesis
formation of glucose from noncarbohydrate sources
Acetone
ketone that is found in blood, urine and breath when diabetes mellitus is out of control
Hyperglycemia
excess of sugar in the blood
Ketone
chemical formed in uncontrolled diabetes or in starvation
Polydipsia
excessive thirst
Polyphagia
excessive eating
Polyuria
excessive urination
Synergist
agent or process that aids the action of another
Gestational Diabetes
occurs during pregnancy, usually resolves itself AFTER THE BABY IS BORN, more susceptible to having DM later in life, may require insulin during pregnancy