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Intro to Art 3

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Baroque
elaborate an extensive ornamentation in decorative art and architecture that flourished in Europe in the 17th century, dramatic use of light, bold colors and value contrasts
Rococo
fanciful but graceful asymmetric ornamentation in art and architecture that originated in France in the 18th century
Neoclassicism
Western movement in painting, sculpture, and architecture of the late 18th and 19th centuries that looked to the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome for inspiration. Art labeled as classical
Romanticism
Western art of the 19th century, generally assumed to be in opposition to Neoclassicism. Romantic works are marked by intense colors, turbulent emotions, complex composition, soft outlines, and sometimes heroic or exotic subject matter.
Realism
Art that portrays forms in the natural world in a highly faithful manner. Specifically an art style of the mid 19th century
Impressionism
A movement in painting originating in the 1860's in france. Portraying daily life, especially the leisure activities of the middle class.
Post-Impressionism
France 1885-1905, rejected the relative absence of form characteristic of impressionism; VInvent van Gogh, Paul Cezanne, Paul Gauguin and Georges Seurat
Fauvism
A short-lived but influential art movement in France in the early 20th century that emphasized bold, arbitrary, expressive color
Expressionism
an art movement early in the 20th century especially in Germany which claimed the right to distor visual appearances to express psychological or emotional states, especially the artist's own personal feelings. Raises subjective feeling above objective observation, using distortion and exaggeration for emotional effect.
Die Brucke
German Expressionist movement that focused on distortions of form, ragged outlines, and agitated brush strokes to provoke powerfully emotional works; started by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Der Blaue Reiters
a German movement lasting from 1911 to 1914, fundamental to Expressionism, along with Die Brücke which was founded the previous decade in 1905. Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, August Macke, Alexej von Jawlensky, Marianne von Werefkin, Lyonel Feininger, Albert Bloch and others founded the group in response to the rejection of Kandinsky's painting Last Judgement from an exhibition. Der Blaue Reiter lacked a central artistic manifesto, but was centred around Kandinsky and Marc. Artists Gabriele Münter and Paul Klee were also involved. The Blue Rider. Spiritual Truths through art
Cubism
Founded by Pablo Picasso, cubism concentrates on a complex geometry or zigzagging lines and sharply angled, overlapping planes.
Futurism
Art movement founded in Italy in 1909 and lasting only a few years. Futurism concentrated on the dynamic quality of modern technological life, emphasizing speed and movement.
Dada
-emerged during WWI -created "anti-art" -emphasized absurdity, irrationality, chance, whimsy, irony and childishness -deliberately shocking in order to disrupt public complacency -DuchampSurrealism: -emphasized imagery from dreams and fantasy -Dali, Oppenheim, Miró
Surrealism
A movement of the early 20th century that emphasized imagery from dreams and fantasies.
De Stijl
Dutch post-WWI movement that believed that their style revealed the underlying structure of existence; art was simplistic and used primary colors and horizontal and vertical lines (invented by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg)
The New York School
(synonymous with *abstract expressionist* painting) was an informal group of American poets, painters, dancers, and musicians active in the 1950s, 1960s in New York City. The poets, painters, composers, dancers, and musicians often drew inspiration from Surrealism and the contemporary avant-garde art movements, in particular action painting, abstract expressionism, Jazz, improvisational theater, experimental music, and the interaction of friends in the New York City art world's vanguard circle.
Pop Art
an American school of the 1950s that imitated the techniques of commercial art (as the soup cans of Andy Warhol) and the styles of popular culture and the mass media
Minimal Art
To get rid of representation and focus on technique and the process of creating, to make a work of art that had no reference to the artist, or their hand. (Donald Judd and Frank Stella)
Conceptual Art
Holds the belief that the essence of art resides in a motivating idea, and that any physical realization or recording of this idea is secondary.
Earthworks
Take art work outside of the Gallery Walls, art work is designed "site specific"
Feminism
belief that women should possess the same political and economic rights as men
Color Field Painting
A technique in abstract painting developed in the 1950s. It focuses on the lyrical effects of large areas of color, often poured or stained onto the canvas. Newman, Rothko, and Frankenthaler painted in this manner.
Automatic Drawing
André Masson 1925-26 scribbles
Action Painting
a New York school of painting characterized by freely created abstractions, splatter paint
Jacques-Louis David Oath of the Horatii, 1794 / Neoclassicism
Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The Pursuit, 1771-73/ rococo
Garden with angels
Diego Velázquez, Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor), 1656
Mansart and Le Brun, Hall of Mirrors, Palace of Versailles, c. 1680.
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Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes, 1625
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Thomas Cole, The Oxbow, 1836
Gustave Courbet, The Stone Breakers, 1849 / Realism
stone
Rosa Bonheur, The Horse Fair, 1853-185
Thomas Eakins, The Gross Clinic, 1875
law old men
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Le Moulin de la Galette, 1876 / Impressionism
Henri Matisse, The Joy of Life, 1905-06 / fauvism
Umberto Boccioni, Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, 1913./ Futurism
Salvador Dali, The persistance of memory 1931/ surrealism
Gerrit Rietveld, Schroder House, Utrecht. 1924 / De Stijl
Marcel Duchamp, The Fountain, 1917
Paul Cézanne, Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1902-04 / fauvism
Vincent Van Gogh, The Starry Night, 1888 / Post- impressionism
Georges Seurat, A Sunday afternoon on the island of La Grande Jatte, 1884 / impressionism
Paul Gauguin, Day of God, 1894
People laying by weird water
Piet Mondrain, Trafalgar Square, 1939-43 / de stijl
Lines and color boxes
Jackson Pollock
Free Spirt, action
De Kooning
Action painting, abstract expressionism, part of new york school
Robert Motherwell
Expression, Abstract, school to be a philosopher
Frida Kalho
Self- portraits
Savlador Dali
Spanish surrealist painter
Claes Oldenburg
Cherry spoon, famous park sculptures
Neo-Dada
Assemblages, places objects with different objects. Displaced