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30 terms

NURSING 102 NUTRITION

STUDY
PLAY
NUTRITION
THE SUM OF PROCESS INVOLVED IN TAKING NUTRIENTS AND ABSORBING AND USING THEM
METABOLISM
PROCESS BY WHICH LARGE MOLECULES ARE BROKEN DOWN INTO SMALLER MOLECULES TO MAKE ENERGY AVAILABLE TO THE ORGANISM
DIGESTION
PROCESS OF CONVERTING FOOD INTO CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES THAT CAN BE ABSORBED INTO THE BLOOD AND UTILIZED BY BODY TISSUE
Amino Acids
organic compounds that are the chief components of proteins
BMI Body Mass Index
uses height and weight to estimate fat values at which the risk for diseases increases
Carbohydrates
the body's main source of energy
Carotenoids
fat-soluble phytonutrients
Cholesterol
A component of fat
Colostrum
The first breast fluid
Complementary proteins
plant sources of protein
Essential Amino Acids
amino acids that must be consumed through food sources
Fat
an essential nutrient
Fiber
portion of carbohydrates that cannot be broken down by intestinal enzymes and juices
Fructose
Fruit sugar
Glucose
Metabolized form of sugar in the body
Incomplete proteins
plant sources of protein
Kosher
prepared for use according to Jewish law
kwashiorkor
a conditon occuring in infants and young children soon after weaning from breast milk, due to severe protein deficiency
lacto-ovo-vegetarian
Dairy products, eggs, and plant foods are included in the diet
lactose
milk sugar
lactovegeterian
eggs are excluded. Dairy products and plant foods are included
Malnutrition
a disorder of nutrition related to unbalanced diet, malabsorption, or lack of assimilation of nutrients
Marasmus
severe starvation
Minerals
inorganic substances contained in animals and plants
My Pyramid
Consists of Grains, Vegetables, Fruits, Oils, Milk, and Meat&Beans
Non essential amino acids
manufactured by the liver
Nutrients
biochemical substances used by the body that must be supplied in adequate amounts from food consumed
Obesity
excessive accumulation of body fat
Protein
essential to meet the body's need to build and replace tissue and cells
Saturated Fats
fatty acids that come from animal food sources, coconut oil, and palm oil