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Terms in this set (12)
the transactional process of creating meaning; the elicitation of meaning in another. Communication occurs when you send or receive messages & when you assign meaning to another person's signals.
Principles of communication
1. Dynamic process
2. Communication is symbolic.
3. Communication is systemic - occurs in a system (setting, location, occasion, time, number of people, cultural setting.) The largest system affecting communication is your culture.
4. Communication is self-reflective- we reflect on ourselves; self-reflection is the basis of human identity; Intrapersonal Communication has consequences
a group of people who distinguish themselves from other groups by sharing patterns of: values, beliefs, symbols, norms, procedures, and behaviors historically transmitted.
External representations of culture
art, roles, and institutions
Internal representations of culture
values, beliefs, and attitudes
Basic functions of culture
1. helps facilitate the transition from the womb to this new life by providing meaning to events, objects, and people.
2. primary means of satisfying 3 types of needs: basic needs (food, shelter, physical protection), derived needs (organization of work, distribution of food, defense, social control), and integrative needs (psychological security, social harmony, purpose in life,)
interaction between and among individuals from different cultures or co-cultures; the circumstance in which people from diverse cultural backgrounds interact with one another; it involves interaction between people whose cultural perceptions and symbol systems are distinct enough to alter the communication event.
interaction between and among individuals from the same culture or subculture.
the culture in power; not necessarily those of greatest number; the people in power are those who historically have controlled the major institutions within the culture: church, government, education, military, mass media, monetary systems, etc.
a group of people that sees itself as distinct but is also part of a larger group (culture); people often hold dual or multiple cultural memberships; exhibit communication characteristics, perceptions, values, beliefs and practices that distinguish them from the other groups, communities and dominant culture; they do not share power with the dominant culture.
the belief that one's own culture is inherently superior to another(s); the tendency to view other cultures through the lens of one's own culture; your cultural bias.
the oversimplification, the over- generalization of a group of people; approximating.
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