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Chapter 35 APUSH
Terms in this set (10)
Korematsu vs. US
Lawsuit brought by Fred T. Korematsu, a Nisei (an American-born person whose parents were born in Japan) to the Supreme Court.
Korematsu had been arrested by the FBI for failing to report for relocation and was convicted in federal court in September 1942.
The U.S. Supreme Court, in a divided decision, upheld Korematsu's conviction in late 1944. The majority opinion, written by Justice Hugo Black,upheld the government's right to relocate citizens in the face of wartime emergency.
This verdict declared the "constitutionality" of the Japanese relocation camps.
1988, the United States government apologized for its actions and gave $20,000 to each of the camp survivors.
Smith Connely Anti Strike Act
1943. Allowed US government to sieze and operate industries that were tied up in a strike mode. Strikes against a government operated industry were a criminal offense. US govt took over coal mines under this act and almost the railroad.
Rosie the Rivetor
WWII symbol of American women patriotically taking up factory jobs previously reserved for men as men left to fight in WWII.
A. Phillip Randolph
Head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Threatened a strike in 1941 to gain equal opportunity for black citizens in war time jobs and opportunities. The President's response was to forbid discrimination and developed the FEPA(Fair Employment Practices Commission)
Bataan Death March
Battle of Midway
General Dwight D. Eisenhower
Battle of the Bulge
Japanese suicide pilots who crashed their planes into our fleets and aircraft.
July 1945. Meeting place for Allied leaders to discuss how to implement the agreements reached at Yalta (such as United Nations; end of war) Harry S. Truman represented US as FDR had died. Did not end as well as Yalta because without the common threat of Nazi's the differences between US and USSR became more obvious.
Ultimatum issued to Japan to surrender or be bombed.
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