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HN U.S. History 9- Ch. 22 Sec. 1 & 3 Vocabulary

Chapter 22, Sections 1 & 3 Honors US History 9 Mrs. Moliterno Madeira High School
Election of 1960
between Republican Richard Nixon and Democrat John F. Kennedy; Kennedy won
New Frontier
this refers to Kennedy's ideas to improve the economy, assist the poor, and speed up the space program; he used term in a speech early in his presidency
Mercury Program
the government's plan to get a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s
Alan Shepard
first American in outer space; he went up in 1961 and made a 15 minute flight
John Glenn
American astronaut who completed three successful orbits in 1962
Neil Armstrong
first person to walk on the moon; happened on July 20, 1969
represented the energy and idealism in the Kennedy White house; based on the Broadway musical Camelot
JFK's assassination
happened on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas; he was killed in an open limousine by Lee Harvey Oswald
Lee Harvey Oswald
he assassinated John F. Kennedy in 1963
Jack Ruby
a Dallas nightclub owner who killed Lee Harvey Oswald as he was transferred between jails
Warren Commission
the better known name of the President's Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy
Fidel Castro
Cuban leader who overthrew their US-backed dictator in 1959; Kennedy hoped to overthrow him
Bay of Pigs invasion
an attempted air-strike on Cuba in 1961; it was an utter disaster
Berlin Wall
the Soviets built this to divide Berlin and stop Eastern Germans from escaping to the west; it became a great symbol of the Cold War
"Ich bin ein Berliner"
Kennedy said this in a speech to show his commitment to Berlin; it translates to "I am a Berliner"
Cuban Missile Crisis
during mid- to late October 1962, American spy planes found Soviet-built nuclear missiles in Cuba; Kennedy authorized a naval blockade around Cuba to stop the Soviets from advancing
Limited Test Ban Treaty
an agreement signed in 1963 by the USA, the USSR, and Great Britain banning above-ground nuclear testing
Peace Corps
a program that sent educators, health workers, and technicians around the world to work peacefully in developing nations; still exists today