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Chapter 22, Sections 1 & 3 Honors US History 9 Mrs. Moliterno Madeira High School

Election of 1960

between Republican Richard Nixon and Democrat John F. Kennedy; Kennedy won

New Frontier

this refers to Kennedy's ideas to improve the economy, assist the poor, and speed up the space program; he used term in a speech early in his presidency

Mercury Program

the government's plan to get a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s

Alan Shepard

first American in outer space; he went up in 1961 and made a 15 minute flight

John Glenn

American astronaut who completed three successful orbits in 1962

Neil Armstrong

first person to walk on the moon; happened on July 20, 1969


represented the energy and idealism in the Kennedy White house; based on the Broadway musical Camelot

JFK's assassination

happened on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas; he was killed in an open limousine by Lee Harvey Oswald

Lee Harvey Oswald

he assassinated John F. Kennedy in 1963

Jack Ruby

a Dallas nightclub owner who killed Lee Harvey Oswald as he was transferred between jails

Warren Commission

the better known name of the President's Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy

Fidel Castro

Cuban leader who overthrew their US-backed dictator in 1959; Kennedy hoped to overthrow him

Bay of Pigs invasion

an attempted air-strike on Cuba in 1961; it was an utter disaster

Berlin Wall

the Soviets built this to divide Berlin and stop Eastern Germans from escaping to the west; it became a great symbol of the Cold War

"Ich bin ein Berliner"

Kennedy said this in a speech to show his commitment to Berlin; it translates to "I am a Berliner"

Cuban Missile Crisis

during mid- to late October 1962, American spy planes found Soviet-built nuclear missiles in Cuba; Kennedy authorized a naval blockade around Cuba to stop the Soviets from advancing

Limited Test Ban Treaty

an agreement signed in 1963 by the USA, the USSR, and Great Britain banning above-ground nuclear testing

Peace Corps

a program that sent educators, health workers, and technicians around the world to work peacefully in developing nations; still exists today

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