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Government 2306 Exam 3
Terms in this set (65)
What is a Plural Executive?
an executive branch in which power is fragmented because the election of statewide officeholders, independent of the election of Govenor
What are the FORMAL requirements in order to run for Governor in Texas...?
- 30 years
- U.S Citizenship
- Tx resident for past 5 years-
What are the INFORMAL requirements in order to run for Governor in Texas...?
- Strong Name Recognition
- Prior Elected Experience
- Fundraising for campaign
- Support from National Party
What is the most significant Executive power?
- Appointment Power
-Call Special Sessions
What does the Attorney General do?
- States Attorney in Civil cases
- Issue Opinions
- Collects Child Support
Hoe does a Governor get impeached?
- Tx House brings charges (majority vote)
- Senate Hold Trial
- Texas Supreme Court Justice Presides
- 2/3 of State Senate Vote
How does a Lt. Governor become a Governor ?
if Governor dies, resigns, or gets impeached
What are the main Legislative Powers?
- Budget Power (line item veto)
- Messae Power (State of the State)
What are the main Judicial Powers?
- Appoint state Judge Vacancies
- Pardon Criminals
What are the main Military Powers?
- Declare Marital Laws
- National Guard
- Texas Rangers
Civil vs. Criminal Law
Civil: Despute between 2 parties resulting in a financial reward
Criminal: Dispute between a person & the state that result in fines, probation, jail or even execution
A lawyer working on "Contingency" based outcome means what?
The lawyer doesn't get paid unless they WIN
What does a Grand Jury do?
hears Preliminary Evidence in felony cases
Explain the Criminal Law Process?
- violation of law charged trial (plea bargain) - proof: beyond a reasonable doubt
Are Judges in Texas Appointed or Elected? Whats the Issue?
- They can be BOUGHT!
Who assigns crime categories and punishments?
Texas Legislature through LAWS
(felony or misdemeanor)
A 2nd DWI in Texas is categorized as what? Punishment?
- Class A Misdemeanor
- Up to 2 yrs suspened license &
- Fines up to $4000
Representation in Civil & Criminal Cases?
- Plaintiff lawyers on contingency
- Defense lawyers hourly
- Plaintiff Attorneys are Gov't Employees
- Defense attorneys hourly or Gov't provided
Municipal = Cities
Justice of the Peace = Counties
Statutory County Courts
Statutory Probate Courts
what is the difference between Judicial Activism & Judicial Restraint?
Activism - go beyond the words of the constitution
Restraint - refuse to go beyond
What is Bond/Bail?
Amount set by Judge is 10% of bond to release you until trial.
What is Ruiz vs. Estelle?
Lawsuit brought by prisoner Ruiz that changed the awful prison conditions in Texas
What is Policy & the process of Policy Information?
laws passed regarding prominent economic and social issues that reflect the ideology of leadership
What is the name of the Trump's Supreme Court Nominee?
How are Supreme Court Justices nominated and confirmed?
President/Senate 2/3 (61)
What is the Nuclear Option?
Turn 2/3 into a simple majority in the Senate
How did the jurors rule in the McDonalds civil lawsuit?
In favor of Plaintiffs
How many state legislators does it take to call a constitutional convention?
Why does Gov. Abbott want to do this?
- To give Power back to the States
Why was the Brazos County District Attorney having a hard time deciding what to charge Nathaniel Tillery?
They dont have enough evidence to prove Capital Murder
Texas leads the nation in...?
The majority of criminal and civil trial cases are heard in what courts?
How many Female Governors of Texas has there been?
- Ann Richards & Ma Ferguson
What is the highest CIVIL court in Texas?
- Texas Supreme Court
- (9 Justices, All GOP)
What is the highest CRIMINAL court in Texas?
- Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
- (9 Justices, All GOP)
What is the name of the McDonalds General Manager and local hip hop artist was?
Capital = Death or Life without parole
1st Degree = 5 to 99, fines up to $10,000
2nd Degree = 2 to 20, fines up to $10,000
3rd Degree = 2 to 10, fines up to $10,000
Class A = 1 year in county max, $4,000
Class B = 180 days in county, $2,000
Class C = Fine up to $500
What case used the "3 Strikes Provision?"
(Rummel v. Estelle) 1952- 3 felonies go to life in prison
Rick Perry was Texas Governor for how many years?
Who is the current Governor of Texas?
Departments part of the Governor's executive
Secretary of state,
State Board of Education,
Agencies, Boards, and Universities
Who was the first Texas Governor to be impeached?
James P. Ferguson
What is the Annual Salary for a Governor?
Who is the only Texas governor to appoint every position possible?
What is the Governor's budget power?
Line Item Veto
What is the Governor's message power?
State of the State Address
What is the Appointed/Elected ratio in Texas Supreme Court?
6 Appointed & 3 Elected
Who is the Texas Lt. Governor?
Dan Patrick (R)
Who is the Head Texas Attorney General?
Ken Paxton (R)
What does the the Commissioner of General land office do?
Leases out land for oil to produce wells
Who is the Texas Commissioner of Agriculture?
Who is the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts?
How many people on the State Board of Education?
When put in jail what is the minimum amount of time until you should be seen by a court?
Who is the Supreme Court Justice who recently died
Antonin Scalia (R)
What does The Justice of Peace handle...
- Minor violatons,
- Mostly traffic,
- Small court claims,
- Minor civil law; most aren't lawyers
Who is the Brazos County Commissioner?
How many distinct courts are there in Texas?
How many appellate courts does Texas have?
Petty theft v. felony theft
Petty- up to $500
Felony- more than $1500
what are Pretrial hearings?
- Formal guilt/ not guilty plea
- Trial dates scheduled
- Motions may be present
What is an Acquittal decision?
Defendant walks free after an split jury vote
How many people have been put to death since Texas put the death penalty in again?
How much does Texas incarcerate and how much does that cost?
Over 170,000 incarcerated & costs roughly 3 billion
Who appoints the Board of Pardons and Parole?
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